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Classical Myth Powell Chapter 4-5
Terms in this set (42)
a story that explains the origin of the world.
a story that explains the origin of the gods and their rise to power.
"chasm" opening from which the other primordial beings arose. Gave birth to Erebus (darkness) and night (Nyx), who then gave birth to Hemera (light) and Aether (air).
"earth". Birthed Uranus, the mountains, the sea (pontus)
"sky" born asexually from Gaea. Wrapped around Gaea in continual intercourse, but never allowed her to release their children for fear of being overthrown. Cronus escaped by castrating Uranus, released sky to its proper place. Separation of two primal elements.
below earth, primordial creature which Gaea later has offspring.
sexual love and attraction.
The children of Gaea and Uranus. 6 male 6 female.
Monster, children of Gaea. "round-eyes"
children of Gaea "hundred-handers".
Last born Titan.
Titan; water. According to Homer Oceanus and Tethys themselves gave birth to all the gods.
female Titan. United with Oceanus to give birth to 6,000 Oceanids; spirits of the sea, rivers, springs.
Queen of the Gods in the 2nd dynasty of the Gods. Parents and grandparents of the 12 Olympians
Titan, sun God. son of Hyperion. Homeric hymn to Helius of his journey across the sky.
the moon; child of Hyperion
the dawn. child of Hyperion.
A story by Ovid. Son of Helius and Clymene (oceanid). Story warning of being too curious about your origins. He drove the chariot across the sky and burned libya and the skin of the ethiopians became black.
Loved by Eos. Was a Trojan prince. told as an aside in the homeric hymn to aphrodite
Earth gave birth to Erinyes from the drops of blood that fell from the wound of Uranus. "the furies", ferocious female spirits who punish broken oaths and those who shed kindred blood.
birthed from the earth and blood from Uranus. "earthborn ones", beings of enormous strength and violence. One day will bring their power against the Olympians.
descendent of Gaea and Pontus (sea). Egyptians symbolized the divine power of the Pharaoh as as sphinx. In Greek myth besieged the city of Thebes.
fifty-headed hound who guarded the gates of Hades' realm. Another child of Gaea and Pontus
"she-goat". a lion with a snakes tail and goats head growing from its back. Child of Gaea and Pontus.
Best known Nereid (live at the bottom of the sea, embody lovely gentle aspects of the sea). Mother of Achilles. Could change shape at will. Offspring of Gaea and Pontus
"battle of the Titans" After the Olympians took power, the Titans resented their rule and attacked the Olympians. Only Titans Themis and her son Prometheus sided with Zeus. Gaea tells Zeus that releasing the hundred-handers and Cyclopes from the underworld will help them win. Zeus cast the Titans into Tartarus.
either a Titan or a Giant. Was condemned by Zeus to live at the edge of the world, where he held up the heavens; ensured continued separation of sky and earth.
Gaea became angry after Zeus' victory over the Titans. Coupling with Tartarus, she gave birth to monstrous Typhoeus. Zeus kills Typhoeus (full story pg 93)
The war between Zeus and Typhoeus. Typhoeus cuts out Zeus' sinews, but Hermes restores them and Zeus kills Typhoeus.
Governed the early generation of the Gods, seemed to demand that Zeus be overthrown. To stop this he married cleverness herself, Metis (oceanid) she had originally given Zeus emetic to give to Cronus. Thwarted the succession myth when Athena was born from his head, therefore was part of him and would not overthrow him.
"battle of the giants" The Giants (urged by Gaea) attacked Olympians. The mortal Heracles (son of Zeus) helped. After Giants defeated, Zeus, Hades, and Poseidon cast lots to divide world.
Primordial saltwater in Babylonian creation story. From story Enuma elish
Babylonian version of Sumerian An (sky god) From poem Enuma elish
Babylonian version of Sumerian Enki (god of freshwater) . From poem Enuma Elish
God of Babylon in Enuma elish. From Ea. Born fully developed.
Maker of Humans, Titan who took Zeus' side in Titanomachy. Made humans by mixing primeval earth and water. Protector of mortals. Stole fire from heaven for the mortals. Son of Iapetus (Titan)
folktale; etiological to explain origin of woman, marriage, suffering. Pandora means "all gifted"- each of the gods gave her gifts. Pandora (woman) opened the box, therefore woman is responsible for all suffering in the world.
son of Prometheus; survived the flood. Prayed to Themis about how to repopulate the earth, every rock he throws over his shoulder becomes a man
Deucalion's wife, survived the flood. daughter of Pandora and Epimetheus. Every rock she throws over her shoulder becomes a woman
child of Deucalion and Pyrrha; gave his name to the whole greek race. His sons were the ancestors of the Greeks (Dorus, Aeolus, Xuthus = Dorians, Ionians, Aeolians)
The Hellenes are eponymous ancestors of Greeks as whole. Eponymous means "giving ones name to something" and Eponym is the person whose name is so given (ex: Dorus)
Babylonian creation story which states that humans are supposed to be servants of the gods.
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