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41 terms

Waggenspack Midterm Vocabulary

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Admonish
(v) to caution or advise against something; to scold mildly; to remind of a duty
Synonyms: warn, call on carpet
Antonyms: praise, pat on the back
Breach
(n) an opening or a gap, rupture or rift; a violation or infraction; (v) to create an opening or break through
Antonyms: close, seal
Circumspect
(adj) careful, cautions
Synonyms: wary, prudent, guarded
Antonyms: incautions, rash, reckless, heedless
cumbersome
(adj) hard to handle; slow moving
Synonyms: unwieldy, ponderous
Antonyms: manageable, easy to handle
deadlock
(n) a standstill resulting from the opposition of 2 equal forces or fractions; (v) to bring to such a standstill
Synonyms: standoff, stalemate, impasse
Antonyms: agreement, accord, break through
debris
(n) scattered fragments, wreckage
Synonyms: rubble
diffuse
(v) to spread or scatter freely or widely; (adj) wordy long winded or unfocused or scattered or widely spread
Synonyms: disperse, rambling, verbose, prolix
Antonyms: concentrate, brief, concise, succinct
dilemma
(n) a difficult or perplexing situation or problem
Synonyms: predicament, quandary, pickle, bind
Antonyms: cinch
efface
(v) to wipe out; keep oneself from being noticed
Synonyms: blow out, erase, obliterate, expunge
muddle
(v) to make a mess of; (n) a hopeless mess
Synonyms: jumble, mess up, confusion, disorder
Antonyms: orderliness, tidiness, neatness
opinionated
(adj) stubborn and often unreasonable in holding in ones own ideas
Synonyms: obstinate, pigheaded, inflexible
Antonyms: open minded, reasonable
perennial
(adj) lasting for a long time; (n) a plant that lives for many years
Synonyms: enduring, recurring
Antonyms: brief, short lived
predisposed
(v) to incline to before hand
Synonyms: surrender abandon
Antonyms: hold on to, keep
salvage
(v) to save from fire or ship wreck
Synonyms: rescue, recover
Antonyms: abandon, scrap, junk
spasmodic
(adj) sudden and violent but brief; fitful intermittent
Synonyms: irregular, occasional
Antonyms: steady, continuous, chronic
adjourn
(v) to stop proceedings temporarily; move to another place
Synonyms: postpone, suspend, discontinue
Antonyms: open call to order
alien
(n) a citizen from another country; (adj) foreign, stranger
Synonyms: (adj) exotic, unfamiliar,
Antonyms: (adj) native, endemic, familiar
comely
(adj) having a pleasing appearance
Synonyms: good looking, attractive, bonny
Antonyms: plain, homely, ugly, repulsive
compensate
(v) to make up for; to repay for service
Synonyms: payback, reimburse, recompense
Antonyms: fail to reward, stiff
erratic
(adj) not regular or consistent; different from what is ordinarily; expected
Synonyms: irregular, inconsistent, unpredictable; behavior
Antonyms: steady, consistent, dependable
fortify
(v) to strengthen; to build up
Synonyms: reinforce, shore up
Antonyms: weaken, undermine, sap
illegible
(adj) difficult or impossible to read
Synonyms: unreadable, indecipherable, scribbled
Antonyms: readable, decipherable, distinct, clear
jeer
(v) to make fun of rudely or unkindly; (n) a rude remark or derision
Synonyms: (v) laugh at, mock, taunt
Antonyms: (n) applause, plaudits, accolades
lucrative
(adj) bringing in money; profitable
Synonyms: gainful, moneymaking
Antonyms: unprofitable, losing, in the red
mediocre
(adj) average, ordinary, undistinguished
Synonyms: run-of-the-mill
Antonyms: exceptional, outstanding, distinguished
sully
(v) to soil, stain, tarnish, defile, besmirch
Synonyms: pollute, taint, smear
Antonyms: cleanse, purify, decontaminate
tantalize
(v) torment by teasing
Synonyms: tempt, lead on, make ones mouth water
Antonyms: satisfy, fulfill, gratify
terse
(adj) brief and to the point
Synonyms: concise, succinct, crisp, short and sweet
Antonyms: verbose, wordy, diffuse, prolix
unflinching
(adj) firm; showing no signs of fear; not drawing back
Synonyms: resolute, steadfast, unwavering
Antonyms: irresolute, wavering, vacillating
abridge
(v) to make shorter
Synonyms: shorten, condense abbreviate
Antonyms: expand, enlarge, augment
adherent
(n) follower, supporter; (adj) attached, stinking too
Synonyms: (n) disciple
Antonyms: (n) opponent, adversary, critic, detractor
altercation
(n) angry argument
Synonyms: quarrel, dispute, squabble
Antonyms: agreement, accord
cherubic
(adj) resembling an angel portrayed as a little child with a beautiful, round, or chubby face; sweet and innocent
Synonyms: angelic, seraphic, beatific
Antonyms: impish, devilish, diabolic, fiendish
condone
(v) to pardon or overlook something; something wrong that was done
Synonyms: ignore, wink at, turn a blind eye to
Antonyms: censure, condemn, disapprove, deprecate
eminent
(adj) famous, outstanding, distinguished, standout; projecting
Synonyms: illustrious, renowned
Antonyms: obscure, nameless, unsung, lowly, humble
fabricate
(v) to make, manufacture; to make up, invent
Synonyms: put together, devise, contrive, concoct
Antonyms: take apart, undo, destroy, demolish
irate
(adj) angry
Synonyms: incensed, infuriate, enraged, livid
Antonyms: calm, composed,cool, unruffled
obesity
(n) excessive fatness
Synonyms: serious overweight, extreme corpulence
Antonyms: emaciation, gauntness, scrawniness
rift
(n) a split, break, breach
Synonyms: crack, fissure, gap, cleft
Antonyms: reconciliation
terminate
(v) to bring to an end
Synonyms: conclude, finish, discontinue
Antonyms: begin, commence, initiate
trite
(adj) common place, overused, stale; language, phrase, words
Synonyms: banal, hackneyed, corny
Antonyms: original, novel, fresh, innovative