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the juxtaposition of contrasting ideas, often in parallel structure.


Insertion of verbal unit which interrupts normal flow. E.g. " It was, as he said, awful."


The omission of a word. Lettuce is the vegetable of a human and the shade of a fly.


Deliberate omission of conjunctions
"I came, I saw, I conquered."


repetition of a vowel sound. "Blind, Dispised, Dying"


The repetition of the same word at the beginning of a sentence. "We shall win. We shall prevail. We shall get our rights."


repetition of the last word. "We will prevail, she will prevail. They will prevail."


repetition of one cord at the end ad at the beginning. "this is common, common in english. "


arrangement of words in increasing importance. "The girl will get a B, her life will be over, and the world will explode."


Repetition of words in successive clauses, in reverse order. "Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country."


The reversal of grammatical structures. "It is hard to make money, but to spend it is easy."


repetition of root words "All to battle, though embattled we are."


A part for a whole- ex: "Wheel" for "Car"


a symbol to represent the hole- ex: "the crown for royalty."


the substitution of one part of speech for another. Shakespeare loved this.


deliberate exaggeration. "My head weighs 3 tons"


a deliberate understatement. "Its a flesh wound"

Verbal Irony

the use of words to convey the opposite meaning. "I was overjoyed to go to school."


an apparent contradictory statement that contains a measure of truth. "He is guilty of being innocent."

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