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19 terms

Tropes and Schemes of Construction

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Antithesis
the juxtaposition of contrasting ideas, often in parallel structure.
Parenthesis
Insertion of verbal unit which interrupts normal flow. E.g. " It was, as he said, awful."
Ellipsis
The omission of a word. Lettuce is the vegetable of a human and the shade of a fly.
Asyndeton
Deliberate omission of conjunctions
"I came, I saw, I conquered."
Assonance
repetition of a vowel sound. "Blind, Dispised, Dying"
Anaphora
The repetition of the same word at the beginning of a sentence. "We shall win. We shall prevail. We shall get our rights."
Epistrophe
repetition of the last word. "We will prevail, she will prevail. They will prevail."
Anadiplosis
repetition of one cord at the end ad at the beginning. "this is common, common in english. "
Climax
arrangement of words in increasing importance. "The girl will get a B, her life will be over, and the world will explode."
Antimetabole
Repetition of words in successive clauses, in reverse order. "Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country."
Chiasmus
The reversal of grammatical structures. "It is hard to make money, but to spend it is easy."
Polyptoton
repetition of root words "All to battle, though embattled we are."
Synecdoche
A part for a whole- ex: "Wheel" for "Car"
Metonymy
a symbol to represent the hole- ex: "the crown for royalty."
Anthimeria
the substitution of one part of speech for another. Shakespeare loved this.
Hyperbole
deliberate exaggeration. "My head weighs 3 tons"
Litotes
a deliberate understatement. "Its a flesh wound"
Verbal Irony
the use of words to convey the opposite meaning. "I was overjoyed to go to school."
Paradox
an apparent contradictory statement that contains a measure of truth. "He is guilty of being innocent."