World Religions Final Exam
Terms in this set (110)
Although "Semetic" properly refers to Arab and other people as well as Jews, the term has come to be applied to expressions of prejudice against Jews in general.
In Judaism and Christianity, the dramatic end of the present age.
An ethnic grouping of the Jews that migrated first to Italy, spread throughout central and eastern Europe and thence on to the Americas.
An urban area occupied by those rejected by a society, such as quarters for Jews in some European cities.
The nonlegal part of the Talmud and Midrash.
Jewish legal decision and the parts of the Talmud dealing with laws.
Ecstatic Jewish piety, dating from eighteenth-century Poland.
The Jewish mystical tradition.
Ritually acceptable, applied to foods in Jewish Orthodoxy.
The "annointed," the expected king and deliverer of the Jews; a term later applied by the Christians to Jesus.
The literature of delving into the Jewish Torah.
The quorum of ten adult males required for Jewish communal worship.
A divine commandment or sacred deed in fulfillment of a commandment.
Observing the traditional rabbinical halakhah; the strictest form of Judaism.
The five books of Moses at the beginning of the Hebrew bible.
Teacher; the ordained spiritual leader of a Jewish community.
Reform or Liberal Judaism
Movement that began in the nineteenth century as a way of modernizing the religion and making it more accessible and open-ened.
The day of the week set aside for rest and worship; in Judaism running from sunset Friday night to sunset Saturday night.
An ethnic grouping of the Jews who migtrated first to Spain and then to North Africa, the Americas, and back to West Asia.
God's presence in the world.
Meeting place for Jewish study and worship.
Jewish law and lore, as finally compiled in the sixth century CE.
The Jewish scriptures.
The Pentateuch; also, the whole body of Jewish teaching and law.
Movement dedicated to the establishment of a politically viable, internationally recognized Jewish state in the biblical land of Israel.
Ark of the Covenant
The shrine containing God's commandments to Moses.
Collectively, the practitioners of a faith living beyond their traditional homeland. When spelled with a capital "D," the dispersal of the Jews after the Babylonian exile.
In Roman-ruled Judaea, wealthy and priestly Jews.
In Roman-ruled Judaea, liberals whotried to practice Toarah in their lives.
Monastic Jews who were living communally, apart from the world, about the time of Jesus.
In Judaism and Christianity, the dramatic end of the present age.
Jewish resistance fighters who fought the Romans and were defeated in the seige of Jerusalem.
In Judaism, the systematic summation of the legal teachings of the oral tradition of the Torah.
Gemara or Gemara
In Judaism, commentaires on the Talmud, addtional to the Mishnah.
Ecstatic Jewish piety, dating from the eighteenth-century poland.
The genocidal killing of six million Jews by the Nazis during WWII.
An attack against Jews.
The coming of age ceremny for a Jewish boy; "son of the commandment" ceremony
The coming of age ceremony for a Jewish girl in some modern congregations; "daughter of the commandment" ceremony
Ceremonial Jewish meal in remembrance of the Passover.
Branch of Orthodoxy Judaism, dedicated to the significance of Israel and Jewish law, which values secular knowledge and integration with non-Jews.
Holds as central the resettlement of the Jews in Israel.
Favoring detachment from non-Jewish culture, to focus on the Torah.
Highly structured Orthodox Jewish movement that uses modern technology for propagation but has traditional lifestyles,
Branch that seeks to maintain traditional laws and practices while emphasizing the independence of each local congregation.
Movement looking holding that Judaism is an evolving religious civilization.
A usually ascetic community of followers gathered around their guru.
The individual soul.
An incarnation of a deity.
Intense devotion to a personal manifestation of Supreme Reality.
The Supreme Reality.
Priest or member of the priestly caste.
An occupation category.
A subtle energy center in the body.
Visual contact with the devine.
Moral order, righteousness, religion.
The present degraded era.
Our actions and their effects on this life and lives to come.
The invisble life force.
After death, rebirth in a new life.
Worshipper of Shiva.
Worshipper of the divine in female form.
The worldly cycle of birth, death, and rebirth.
Renunciate spiritual seeker.
The ancient language of the Vedas.
The constitutional priniciple of not giving favored status to any religion.
Tense spiritual teaching.
A sacred esoteric text with spiritual practices honoring the divine in female form.
Worshipper of Vishnu or one of his manifestations, such as Krishna.
Practices for union with the true Self.
Ancient scriptures revered by Hindus.
The Indo-European pastoral invaders of many European and Middle Eastern agricultural cultures during the second milennium BCE.
Possibly the world's oldest scripture, the foundation of HInduism.
The old Vedic thunder god in the Hindu tradition.
The god of fire in Hinduism.
The portion of the Hindu Vedas concerning rituals.
The philosophical part of the Vedas in Hinduism, intended only for serious seekers.
One of the major Hindu philosophical systems, in which human suffering is characterized as stemming from the confusion of Prakriti with Purusha.
Nondualistic Hindu philosophy, in which the goal is the realization that the self is Brahman.
In Samkhya Hindu philosophy, the cosmic substance.
The Cosmic Spirit, soul of the universe in Hinduism; in Samkhya philosophy, the eternal Self.
Believing in the separation of reality into two categories, particularly the concept that spirit and matter are in separate realms.
Believing in the concept of life as a unified whole, without a separate "spiritual" realm.
In Indian thought, the attractive but illusory physical world.
In Hinduism, especially yoga, a spiritual practice.
Mental concentration yoga.
A yogic posture.
In Hinduism, the primordial sound.
In yogic practice, the blissful state of superconscious union with the absolute.
The use of intellectual effort as a yogic technique.
The path of unselfish service in Hinduism.
Destroying and transforming Mother of the World, in Hinduism.
In HInduism, the consort of Vishnu.
Siva's spouse, sweet daughter of the Himalayas.
A cylindrical stone or other similarily shaped natural or sculpted form, representing for Shaivite Hindus the unmanifest aspect of Shiva.
Abstract Hindu representation of the female vulva, cosmic matrix of life.
Hindu scriptures written to popularize the abstract truths of the Vedas through stories about historical and legendary figures.
In Hinduism, the earthly incarnation of a deity.
A portion of the Hindu epic Mahabharata in which Lord Krishna specifies ways of spiritual progress; "Song of the Supreme Exalted One"
In Indian traditions, blessed food.
In Hinduism, a sacred fireplace around which ritual fire ceremonies are conducted.
A member of the warrior or ruling caste in traditional Hinduism.
A member of the merchant and farmer caste in traditional Hinduism.
A member of the manual laborer caste in tradition Hinduism.
The lowest caste in Brahmanic Hindu society.
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