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One of the devices of repetition, in which the same expression is repeated at the beginning of two or more lines
The duplication, either exact or approximate, of a word, phrase, sentence or grammatical pattern
listing of a number of things - in the party there was music, coke, wine, beer, vodka, tequila, girls and dancing
The contrast between what is explicitly stated and what is really meant; what appears to be and what is true
A statement that appears to be self-contradictory or opposed to common sense but upon closer inspection contains some truth
The sensory details or figurative language used to describe, arouse emotion, or represent abstractions
A direct or indirect reference to something which is presumably commonly known, such as a book, myth, work of art.
A work that targets human vices and follies or social institutions and conventions for reform or ridicule
From the geek "to tear flesh"; involves bitter, caustic language that is meant to hurt or ridicule.
A pretended or apparent omission; a figure by which a speaker artfully pretends to pass by what he really mentions.
Establishing personal credibility- when the speaker/writer aims to define his/her voice as worthy. Often occurs in establishing common ground within a split audience
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