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34 terms

Rhetorics

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accreditation
giving credit to somebody
Refrain
Repeated word/phrase at the end of 2 or more lines
anaphora
One of the devices of repetition, in which the same expression is repeated at the beginning of two or more lines
repetition
The duplication, either exact or approximate, of a word, phrase, sentence or grammatical pattern
analogy
A similarity or comparison between two things or the relationship between them
metaphor
A figure of speech using implied comparison of seemingly unlike things
simile
A figure of speech in which one object is said to be "like"/"as" another
hyperbole
A figure of speech using deliberate exaggeration or overstatement
understatement
The ironic minimizing of fact, it presents something as less significant than it is
juxtaposition
The act or an instance of placing two or more things side by side
parallelism
Parallel structure/parallel construction framing of words to give structural similarity
alliteration
The repetition of sounds, especially initial sounds in two or more neighboring words
lists
listing of a number of things - in the party there was music, coke, wine, beer, vodka, tequila, girls and dancing
irony
The contrast between what is explicitly stated and what is really meant; what appears to be and what is true
paradox
A statement that appears to be self-contradictory or opposed to common sense but upon closer inspection contains some truth
anecdote
A short narrative detailing particulars of an interesting episode or event
imagery
The sensory details or figurative language used to describe, arouse emotion, or represent abstractions
selection of detail
The sensory details an author includes.
allusion
A direct or indirect reference to something which is presumably commonly known, such as a book, myth, work of art.
tone
Describes the author's attitude toward his material, the audience or both.
undertone
An attitude that may lie
under the ostensible tone of the piece.
words with heavy connotations
Words that imply a great deal in the context in which they are used
humor
funny part of the sentence, light joke, puns, etc
satire
A work that targets human vices and follies or social institutions and conventions for reform or ridicule
sarcasm/verbal irony
From the geek "to tear flesh"; involves bitter, caustic language that is meant to hurt or ridicule.
invective
An emotionally violent, verbal denunciation or attack using strong, abusive language.
narrative pace
The pace or tempo at which the story is told
rhetorical question
A question to which no answer is expected
paraleipsis
A pretended or apparent omission; a figure by which a speaker artfully pretends to pass by what he really mentions.
ethos
Establishing personal credibility- when the speaker/writer aims to define his/her voice as worthy. Often occurs in establishing common ground within a split audience
pathos
Appeals to emotions - evoking empathy from the audience to sway their attitude
logos
Appeals to logic - using facts, numbers, statistics, and well-known names
kairos
A call to action - compelling the audience to take action towards their viewpoint
catharsis
emotional release