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Repeated word/phrase at the end of 2 or more lines
One of the devices of repetition, in which the same expression is repeated at the beginning of two or more lines
The duplication, either exact or approximate, of a word, phrase, sentence or grammatical pattern
A similarity or comparison between two things or the relationship between them
A figure of speech using implied comparison of seemingly unlike things
A figure of speech in which one object is said to be "like"/"as" another
A figure of speech using deliberate exaggeration or overstatement
The ironic minimizing of fact, it presents something as less significant than it is
The act or an instance of placing two or more things side by side
Parallel structure/parallel construction framing of words to give structural similarity
The repetition of sounds, especially initial sounds in two or more neighboring words
listing of a number of things - in the party there was music, coke, wine, beer, vodka, tequila, girls and dancing
The contrast between what is explicitly stated and what is really meant; what appears to be and what is true
A statement that appears to be self-contradictory or opposed to common sense but upon closer inspection contains some truth
A short narrative detailing particulars of an interesting episode or event
The sensory details or figurative language used to describe, arouse emotion, or represent abstractions
selection of detail
The sensory details an author includes.
A direct or indirect reference to something which is presumably commonly known, such as a book, myth, work of art.
Describes the author's attitude toward his material, the audience or both.
An attitude that may lie
under the ostensible tone of the piece.
words with heavy connotations
Words that imply a great deal in the context in which they are used
funny part of the sentence, light joke, puns, etc
A work that targets human vices and follies or social institutions and conventions for reform or ridicule
From the geek "to tear flesh"; involves bitter, caustic language that is meant to hurt or ridicule.
An emotionally violent, verbal denunciation or attack using strong, abusive language.
The pace or tempo at which the story is told
A question to which no answer is expected
A pretended or apparent omission; a figure by which a speaker artfully pretends to pass by what he really mentions.
Establishing personal credibility- when the speaker/writer aims to define his/her voice as worthy. Often occurs in establishing common ground within a split audience
Appeals to emotions - evoking empathy from the audience to sway their attitude
Appeals to logic - using facts, numbers, statistics, and well-known names
A call to action - compelling the audience to take action towards their viewpoint
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