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Taken from Notes and Text book

Arawak :

eaters of meal

Lucayans :

Island people

Tainos :


The Arawak's Belonged to a larger group called


They came to the Americas from

Siberia in Asia

What did they travel cross to get to the Americas?

The Bearing strait which had formed an ice bridge between Asia and America.

What did the Arawaks look like?

They were short to medium height, brown skinned with broad faces, flattened foreheads and slanting eyes.

Why did they flatten their babies foreheads?

It was a sign of beauty and protection from heavy blows

Why did they paint there bodies?

To keep away Mosquitoes and for Religious reasons

What did they use to make body paint?

They extracted colors from seeds and berries.

Where did they establish their villages?

They lived in small villages (10 - 15 houses) near the sea shore, in this way they could look out for enemies and obtain food.

What was the name of the Caciques house

A Bohio

What was the name of the common Lucayan house?

a Caneye

What were the houses made of? Describe its make up.

The houses were made of wood tied together with strong reeds to resist hurricanes. They were either round or rectangular, with thatched roofs there were very little furniture inside except for the hammock(the bed) and clay pots. There was an opening for the door and one in the roof to let smoke escape.

What kind of society did the Arawak live

They lived in a cooperativeness society (everything was shared) to ensure everyone got what they needed.

What does it mean to live in a subsistence level?

You under grew food for your own needs

What were the main occupations of the Arawak?

Fishing, Farming, Hunting and Gathering

Name some of the animals and food eaten my the Arawaks.

The hutia and the iguana were the animals they ate & they ate birds, cassava, potatoes, and tobacco.

What were the main farming method used by the Arawaks ?

Slash an burn & Shifting Cultivation

What is the Slash and Burn Method?

this is the process of cutting and burning trees bushes in order to clear the land. They also mixed the ashes with the soil to make it more fertile

What is Shifting Cultivation ?

this is moving to a fresh piece of land after about 2 to 3 years because the land is exhausted

Who was the Leader of a Arawak village ?

The Cacique

How was the position of the Cacique granted?

It was hereditary , it was passed down to the eldest son and could only be male

What were the duties of the Cacique?

1. Distributed Land
2. Decided who would cultivate the land and where they should plant
3. Decided between was and peace

Arawaks were Polytheistic -

worshiped many gods

The Lucayans worshiped a Idol called

Zemis ( he represented a spirit)

They made these idols form

Clay, Cotton, Wood, Stone or The bones of Ancestors and Loved ones

A good Harvest was a sign that

The Zemi was pleased

Miss fortunes such as sickness and hurricanes were signs that

The Zemi was displeased

It was very important to please the Zemi because they depends on them for everything -

Healthy Children
Good Crops
Good Weather
Successful Raids

The Cacique was assisted by the

Nobles called naitos.

During religious ceremonies what did the Cacique would smoke?

dried tobacco leaves called cahoba from a y shaped piped

What was this pipe called?


What happened when the Cacique became intoxicated?

He received messages from the Zemis

Singing and Dancing were called


Arieto took place-

on feast days in front of the Caciques house

The Cacique would sit on his ceremonial stole called a

Duho, This chair was specially made of wood and carved in the shape of an animal

the Ball game Batos is similar to


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