What did they travel cross to get to the Americas?
The Bearing strait which had formed an ice bridge between Asia and America.
What did the Arawaks look like?
They were short to medium height, brown skinned with broad faces, flattened foreheads and slanting eyes.
Why did they flatten their babies foreheads?
It was a sign of beauty and protection from heavy blows
Where did they establish their villages?
They lived in small villages (10 - 15 houses) near the sea shore, in this way they could look out for enemies and obtain food.
What were the houses made of? Describe its make up.
The houses were made of wood tied together with strong reeds to resist hurricanes. They were either round or rectangular, with thatched roofs there were very little furniture inside except for the hammock(the bed) and clay pots. There was an opening for the door and one in the roof to let smoke escape.
What kind of society did the Arawak live
They lived in a cooperativeness society (everything was shared) to ensure everyone got what they needed.
Name some of the animals and food eaten my the Arawaks.
The hutia and the iguana were the animals they ate & they ate birds, cassava, potatoes, and tobacco.
What is the Slash and Burn Method?
this is the process of cutting and burning trees bushes in order to clear the land. They also mixed the ashes with the soil to make it more fertile
What is Shifting Cultivation ?
this is moving to a fresh piece of land after about 2 to 3 years because the land is exhausted
How was the position of the Cacique granted?
It was hereditary , it was passed down to the eldest son and could only be male
What were the duties of the Cacique?
1. Distributed Land
2. Decided who would cultivate the land and where they should plant
3. Decided between was and peace
It was very important to please the Zemi because they depends on them for everything -
During religious ceremonies what did the Cacique would smoke?
dried tobacco leaves called cahoba from a y shaped piped
The Cacique would sit on his ceremonial stole called a
Duho, This chair was specially made of wood and carved in the shape of an animal