Chapter 10 Quiz

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Seveso Disaster
It was an industrial accident that happened in 1976 in Italy. It lead to skin lesions and chloracne. It resulted in Seveso Directives I and II
The Love Canal Disaster
It happened in Niagara Falls, New York. Hooker Chemical Company had used the area to dump toxic waste. The land was bought by the school where 2 schools were built. Affects of the waste seen after a generation where declared by Carter a federal health emergency. Area is now abandoned. Occured 50s-70s
The Great Smog of 1952
Took place from December 5-9 due to a period of increased cold and coal pollution. Visibility was reduced to a few yards. The smog went everywhere resulting in the closing of every store. 4,000 people died from respiratory problems. Clean Air Act of 1956 created smoke-free zones. People began to rely on other forms of energy.
Fukushima
Occured in Japan after tsunami and earthquake overtook the nuclear power plant. 6 reactors were destoryed. Radiation has been detected in Pacific Ocean and beyond. 20km exclusion zone. The government is looking into other forms of renewable energy.
Chernobly
Located in Ukraine and occured in 1986 from freak accident. There is groundwater containation and many people reported thoyroid cancer. Resulted in increase regulation. The concrete case is begining to crumble.
Baia Mare Cyanide Spill
In 2000, a dam holding back containated water burst in Romania. The dam was built by the Auzul Gold Campany which is partly owned by the Romanian government. Lead to containated water supply and many fish died. The company has restarted gold extraction. the European Parliament and the Council adopted Directive 2006/21/EC on the management of waste from extractive industries.
Bhopal, India
It occurred on the night of December 2-3, 1984 at the Union Carbide India Limited pesticide plant in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India. A leak of methyl isocyanate gas and other chemicals from the plant resulted in the exposure of hundreds of thousands of people. most of the safety systems were not functioning. Many valves and lines were in poor condition. Many people inhaled the gases and died. Chemicals contiune to pollute the groundwater.
Exxon Valdez
occurred in Prince William Sound, Alaska, on March 24, 1989, when the Exxon Valdez, an oil tanker bound for Long Beach, California, struck Prince William Sound's Bligh Reef and spilled 260,000 to 750,000 barrels of crude oil. It is considered to be one of the most devastating human-caused environmental disasters.[3] The Valdez spill was the largest ever in U.S. waters until the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill, in terms of volume released.[4] However, Prince William Sound's remote location, accessible only by helicopter, plane, and boat, made government and industry response efforts difficult and severely taxed existing plans for response. The region is a habitat for salmon, sea otters, seals and seabirds. Lead to Oil Pollution Act of 1980.
BP Oil Spill
offshore deep water oil drilling situated in the the gulf of mexico had a blowout on April 20, 2010 which caused a massive explosion riser pipe ruptured. It sealed with a cap and then with concrete. The disaster is located in the Gulf of Mexico, effected louisiana marshes, ruined tourism in gulf of mexico, oil was underwated-easier to clean, pipe rupture. The company has paid compensation. The Obama administration has introduced tighter regulation and oversight as well as well as a ban on off-shore drilling.