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93 terms

WC exam -people

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Longitude
Meridians, runs north to south, 24 lines, each line is divided by 60 minutes
Holy land
Palestine
Suq
Marketplace
Greenwich Mean Time
the time all clocks are based on
Mecca
where the ka'aba is, where muhammed was born
Equator
0 degrees latitude
Continental drift
continents are slowly moving across the melted rocks below
Oasis
fertile green spot
Latitude
parallels, run east to west
Pangaea
single continent that excited 200 million years ago
Medina
where Muhammed went after he left Mecca(hejira)
International Dateline
halfway point around the earth, 180th meridian, where one day ends and one begins
Prime Meridian
0 degrees longitude
Pacific Ocean
Where is the Ring of Fire
Ziggurat
many tiered temple
Kibbutz
Jewish communal settlements in Israel
Mandate
territory from the Ottoman Empire that the League of Nations assigned to a European country after WWI
Byzantine
AD 330, the Eastern half of the Roman Empire included Greece, Asia Minor, Egypt, and the Fertile Crescent
7 Continents in order from largest to smallest
Asian, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, Oceania
Suez Canal
middle eastern waterway that links the Red and Mediterranean Seas
Occupied Territories
Gaza Strip, West Bank, Golan Heights, Sinai Peninsula (lands gained during the 6 day war)
1884 International Meridian Conference
agreed to divide the world into 24 times zones measured from the Prime Meridian in Greenwich, England
AQIM
Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb
AQAP
Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula
3 Largest Al Qaeda Affiliates
Pakistani Taliban, Haqqani Network, Lashkar e Tayyiba
OPEC
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
NATO
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
AQP
Al Qaeda in Pakistan
PLO
Palestinian Liberation Organization
Haqqani Network
operates in Afghanistan to target U.S. troops and remove them from Afghanistan, trains in Pakistan
Security Council
15 members (5 permanent); get to vote in the UN
United Nations
a worldwide association founded in 1945 to resolve conflicts
League of Nations
a failed organization to settle disagreements and stop future wars
Quaraysh
Muhammed's tribe
Sunni
liberal muslims, majority
Islam
submission, surrender
Shi'ites
very strict, only in Iraq/Iran, 10% of Muslims
Minaret
tower connected to a mosque
Hejira
the migration of Muhammed and his tribe from Mecca to Medina
Hajj
pilgrimage to Mecca
Anti
semitism- hatred/fear of Jews
Jihad
struggle every Muslim has to follow the rules of Islam
Monotheism
belief in one God
Torah
first 5 books of the bible, followed by the Jews
Judaism
Jewish religion
Holocaust
the genocide of 6 million Jews in Europe, led by Hitler
Parable
short story with a moral
Diaspora
the exile of Jews from Palestine by the Babylonians
Koran
Muslim holy book, recitation
Mosque
muslim place of worship
Zionism
the movement created to give Jews a homeland in Palestine
Polytheism
belief in many gods
Islamic movement
when Muslims wanted to go back to an ancient (Koran) form of government
5 pillars of Islam
Belief in one God and that Muhammed is his prophet, pray 5 times a day facing Mecca, give to the poor, cannot eat/drink in the daylight during Ramadan, pilgrimage to Mecca
martyr
a person who would die or suffer for their beliefs
Kaaba
monument built by Abraham in Mecca that Muslims worship
Balfour Declaration
1917, said that there would be a Jewish state in Palestine, but not to the expense of the Arabs living there
Day of rage
arab spring protest
Masada
the cliff fort where all the Jews killed themselves instead of becoming Roman slaves
Intifada
shaking, Palestinian uprisings towards Israel
Camp David Accords
1978; treaty between Egypt and Israel signed by Begin and Sadat
Yom Kippur War
1973; Iraq, Egypt, Syria, and Jordan attacked Israel to regain the lands lost from the 6 day war
War of Independence
May 1948, Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Iraq, and Lebanon attacked Israel
Six Day War
1967, Israel launched a preemptive strike attack on Egypt fearing attack from Egypt, Iraq, Syria, and Jordan. Israel gained the West Bank, Sinai Peninsula, Gaza Strip, and the Golan Heights
Crusade
holy war (against Muslims)
Embargo
complete halt to trade
Reprisals
Forceful acts in response to injury
Social media
modern ways of communication. Example: Twitter or Facebook
Arab Spring
a revolutionary wave of protests in the Arab World that started December 18, 2010
Effects of Globalization
integration of economies, corporate expansion, corporate domination
Nationalism
extreme support for your country
Partition
to split into different. Example: Israel
Exponential
rapid increase over a short period of time
Globalization
moving towards all the countries being connected by their economies
BRIC
Brazil Russia India China, the 4 most powerful economic nations by 2014
Goodbye
Dah-svee-dahn-yah
Hello
drahs-vwee-the
You are Welcome
Pah-zhahl-oos-tah
Thank you
Spa-See-Bah
Good Afternoon
doh-brih-dyen
Good Morning
doh-broh-oo-trah
Yes
dah
No
N'yet
Good, Fine, Excellent
hah-rah-shoh
How are you
Kahk dee-lah
Mossad
national intelligence agency of Israel
Communism
the idea that government owns all means of production
Theocracy
a government subject to religious authority
Weightless Economy
an economic that relies on the thinking skills of the people, not raw materials
Millet
non-muslim (free religion) communities in the Ottoman Empire
Occupy Wall Street
protests started that are speaking out against corporate greed and social inequality
Socialism
public and private ownership of the means of production
Cuneiform
ancient Sumerian form of writing using tablets