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59 terms

abnormal psych 5

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neuroleptics
A category of medications used to reduce the frequency and intensity of psychotic symptoms; also called major tranquilizers.
antidepressant drugs
drugs used to treat depression; also increasingly prescribed for anxiety; different types work by altering the availability of various neurotransmitters
antianxiety drugs
minor tranquilizers, valium, xanax etc.
anorexia nervosa
a serious eating disorder characterized by a fear of gaining weight that results in prolonged self-starvation and dramatic weight loss
bulimia nervosa
an eating disorder characterized by episodes of overeating, usually of high-calorie foods, followed by vomiting, laxative use, fasting, or excessive exercise
binge eating disorder
significant binge-eating episodes, followed by distress, disgust, or guilt, but without the compensatory purging, fasting, or excessive exercise that marks bulimia nervosa.
client centered therapy
a humanistic therapy, developed by Carl Rogers, in which the therapist uses techniques such as active listening within a genuine, accepting, empathic environment to facilitate clients' growth. (Also called person-centered therapy.)
counter transference
feelings the analyst has towards the client; important for the therapist to be aware of this
deinstitutionalization
policy of reducing the population of mental hospitals by shifting care from inpatient facilities to community-based outpatient facilities
double bind
a situation in which a person receives conflicting demands, so that no matter what he or she does, it is wrong
evidence based treatment
interventions/techniques that have produced therapeutic change in controlled trials
echolalia
repetition of words or phrases spoken by others
grehlin
- secreted by the stomach wall. Stimulates appetite before a meal, levels are high and after a meal, levels drop
Gestalt therapy
A form of humanistic therapy associated with Fritz Perls that aims to help the patient integrate inconsistent aspects of herself into a coherent whole by increasing self-awareness and self-acceptance.
guilty but mentally ill
a verdict stating that defendants are guilty of committing a crime but are also suffering from a mental illness that should be treated during their imprisonment
hydrocephalus
Cranial enlargement caused by accumulation of fluid within the ventricles of the brain
integrative behavioral couple therapy
Modification of traditional behavioral couple therapy that has a focus on acceptance of the partner rather than being solely change-oriented
Insanity defense
legal defense proposing that people shouldn't be held legally responsible for their actions if they weren't of "sound mind" when committing them
juvenile delinquency
an antisocial misdeed in violation of the law by a minor
leptin
hormone produced by fat cells that acts to reduce food intake
macrocephaly
a condition in which the head is abnormally large
mainstreaming
Practice of placing children with special needs in regular classroom settings, with the support of professionals who provide special education services
manualized therapy
A form of therapy, often used in research, in which a manual describes a set course of therapy, indicating what steps the therapist should take, what instructions to offer, and so on.
microcephaly
an abnormally small head and underdeveloped brain
mental retardation
lack of normal development of intellectual capacities
managed health care
Methods for financing & organizing the delivery of health care in which costs are contained by controlling the services provided.
milieu therapy
Humanistic approach to institutional treatment based on the principle that patients recover best in a climate that builds self-respect, individual responsibility, and meaningful activity.
neurosurgery
Brain surgery for mental disorders. Also called psychosurgery.
pervasive developmental disorders
group of childhood disorders characterized by delays in socialization and communication skills; autism and Asperger syndrome are examples
phenylketonuria
missing an enzyme that breaks down phenylalanine/results in brain damage
psychopharmacology
the study of drugs that affect the mind
rational emotive behavior therapy
developed by Albert Ellis, a form of psychotherapy based on identifying and correcting irrational beliefs that are believed to underlie emotional and behavioral difficulties
selective intervention
given to those members of a subgroup of a population whose risk is deemed to be above average
selective mutism
characterized by the individuals consistent failure to speak in specific social situations despite speaking in other situations.
separation anxiety disorder
Excessive, enduring fear in some children that harm will come to them or their parents while they are apart
sleepwalking disorder
Repeated incidents of leaving bed and walking about while asleep. (Somnambulism)
tarasoff decision
Ruling by a California court (1974) that a therapist has a duty to warn a prospective victim of an explicit threat expressed by a client in therapy
tourette's syndrome
Extreme tic disorder involving uncontrollable multiple motor and vocal patterns
tic
a local and habitual twitching especially in the face
tardive dyskinesia
After long-term use of anti-psychotics, beging getting involuntary movements of facial muscles and other parts of the body
token economies
using exchange of tokens as rewards and punishment in an institution setting
traditional behavior couple therapy
try to produce changes in the marital relationship
transference
in psychoanalysis, the patient's transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships
universal intervention
everyone in a specific area receives the intervention regardless of how at risk.

ex: anti-smoking
indicated intervention
early detection & prompt treatment of maladaptive behavior in family/community setting to prevent long-term effects.
coprolalia
uttering of obscenities
pemoline
add/adhd enhances cognitive processing
strategic family therapy
focus is on changing communication patterns
structural family therapy
focus is on changing family roles
primary prevention
prevent mental disorders from developing in the first place (universal)
secondary prevention
focus on reducing risk for individuals who are likely to develop a disorder
tertiary prevention
focus on facilitating the adjustment of individual to community after hospital treatment
lithium
antimanic medication
m'naghten rule
knowing right from wrong
irresistible illness rule
lost power to choose between right and wrong, compelled beyond will
durham rule
"product test" based on knowledge of mental illness
anti anxiety - benzodiazepines
ativan, librium, valium, xanax
antipsychotics
thorazine, haldol, mellaril
antidepressants
inipramine, prozac, paxil, zoloft,