expressed sequence of DNA; codes for a protein
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene or genes from another strain of bacteria
sequence of DNA that is not involved in coding for a protein
group of 3 bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementary to an mRNA codon
enzyme involved in DNA replication that joins individual nucleotides to produce a DNA molecule
copying process by which a cell duplicates its DNA
RNA molecule that carries copies of instructions for the assembly of amino acids into proteins from DNA to the rest of the cell
decoding of a mRNA message into a polypeptide chain
process in which part of the nucleotide sequence of DNA is copied into a complementary sequence in RNA
made up of 3 basic components- a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base
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