How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

10 terms

Protein Synthesis

STUDY
PLAY
Exons
expressed sequence of DNA; codes for a protein
Transformation
process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene or genes from another strain of bacteria
Introns
sequence of DNA that is not involved in coding for a protein
Anticodon
group of 3 bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementary to an mRNA codon
DNA Polymerase
enzyme involved in DNA replication that joins individual nucleotides to produce a DNA molecule
Replication
copying process by which a cell duplicates its DNA
Messenger RNA
RNA molecule that carries copies of instructions for the assembly of amino acids into proteins from DNA to the rest of the cell
Translation
decoding of a mRNA message into a polypeptide chain
Transcription
process in which part of the nucleotide sequence of DNA is copied into a complementary sequence in RNA
Nucleotide
made up of 3 basic components- a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base