a study of humanities past;explaining how global processing was developed to survive..and how these things caused change.
a group that has:cosmopolitan culture,borders,centralized government,and instruments of power.
a coercive labor system in which christian boys were foot soldiers and converted into muslim.
sunni, capital of damascus, excluded non-muslims,expanded to spain,promoted trade, no religious conversion, accomplished an expansion in their economic system
when smaller states depend upon a larger state that provides it with resources &markets.
Five Pillars of Islam
1).Faith, 2).Prayer 3).donate(2.5%), 4).fast during the holy month of Ramadan, 5).pilgrimage to Mecca once in a lifetime.
a political,economic, and social system based on loyalty & military service system of government where land is exchanged for food,service,/loyalty.
expands to the west to control more of the slik road,used the gentry,a foreign dynasty that originated in the west,expanded tade in the Indian maritime system..etc.
surrounded by enemies,merchant class,development of more literacy/education,(neo-confucianism),magnetic compass,stern-rutter,junk boat,flying paper $.
stretches from southern mexico to northern Hondorus; located in a densely forested area/built platforms that were filled w/ trash.
once a year tax of money/luxury goods that the Mongols would collect only in the month of October.
had a military, close relationships w/ the gods, government, didn't force people to adopt to the religion,conquered land-provinces.
1).Rise in temp.,2).wild seed plants,3).cultural diffusion,4).change in animal pattern.
8,000 B.C.E-600 C.E., had bronze and iron/metal weapons& tools, had urbanized culture and urban lifestyle.
used polished stone, wood, bone, and leather during this age; also humans begin to control the food supply.