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36 terms

Chapter 2

STUDY
PLAY
When comparing the two categories of nutrient standards, the Dietary Reference Intakes and the Daily Values, one difference between the two is
the Daily Values are used in the United States only
When public health officials were determining the amount of folate to add to grain products in the food supply for fortification, they most likely reviewed which of the following values for that particular vitamin for women of child-bearing age?
Estimated Average Requirements (ERI)
Concerned about the toxic effects of added nutrients in fortified foods and supplements, when eaten in addition to staple foods, scientists established the _____ category of the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI)
Tolerable Upper Intake Levels
A person is trying to eat the best diet to reduce the risk of developing chronic disease. She wants to be sure that she will consume adequate nutrients in the best proportions from her foods she selects. Which would be the best DRI recommendation for her to use to ensure she has the best energy nutrient intakes to reduce chronic disease risk?
Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges (AMDR)
George is a 35-year-old athlete using nutrient supplements to give him a competitive advantage. Which of the following nutrient intake recommendations would you suggest that George become familiar with?
Tolerable Upper Intake Levels
Which of the following people would not be covered by the DRI, based on assumptions made by the DRI committee?
Robert, a 20 year old with cystic fibrosis
When referring to the DRI recommended intakes, it is important to remember that
they are based on the latest available scientific research
The implications of the U.S. Dietary Guidelines include all of the following except
you will need to carefully plan in detail what to eat for the best benefits
Your grandfather has been advised by a neighbor to select his foods using the Dietary Guidelines for Americans to help cure his high blood pressure. What advice would you give him?
although the guidelines may help him with his blood pressure, he needs to consult his health care provider for recommendations
Your sister has taken the Healthy Eating Index to evaluate her diet and has received a score of 59. What would the interpretation of her score be?
She needs to still improve her intake of foods to meet the Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommendations
A person has had the following vegetables over the past week: carrots, pinto beans, corn, cauliflower, coleslaw, and mashed potatoes. Which of the following vegetables should he eat to be sure he has had representation of each of the subgroups for the week?
broccoli
You are planning a meal that includes a hamburger on a bun, coleslaw, and French fries. To have a more nutrient-dense meal, you should eat
pork tenderloin, green peas, brown rice, and strawberries
Which of the following includes the recommended daily amounts of food from each group for a sedentary woman of 32 who requires 1,800 kcal/day, based on the USDA Food Guide?
½ cup grape juice; 2 tbs. peanut butter on 2 slices whole wheat bread; 1 cup nonfat yogurt; 1 medium apple; ½ cup diced cucumbers; 3 oz. baked fish; 1 cup spinach leaves; 1 cup squash; ½ cup carrots; 1 cup cooked rice; 2-oz. whole wheat dinner roll; ½ cup strawberries; 2 cups nonfat milk
Which of the following lunches best fits into a meal plan suggesting that a person eat 1 cup vegetables, 2 ounces grains, and 2 ounces meat/beans at lunch?
stir-fry of ½ cup tofu and 1 cup mixed vegetables on 1 cup cooked rice
Tea and certain spices are not included in the USDA Food Guide. This means that you should consider which of the following when deciding whether to include them in your diet?
they contain phytochemicals for health so you should consider using them
An important role of the exchange system of categorizing foods is to
provide groupings of similar foods by their carbohydrate, fat, protein, and calorie content
A woman who has begun a new exercise program to keep herself healthy will need to consider that her discretionary calorie allowance
will increase as the exercise activity increases
A 51-year-old sedentary woman still has some discretionary calories available for her evening meal. The best choice for her to select for that meal would be to:
have a serving of cooked carrots with her meal in addition to her salad
When you see that foods have a discretionary calorie value of zero, you should
use them because they form the base of the diet in the USDA Food Guide
When determining the amounts of food to eat from each group in the USDA Food Guide each day, you need to remember that:
the recommended amounts will vary, depending on age, physical activity, and gender
For what purpose did the USDA develop the MyPyramid as a consumer tool?
to use as an educational tool to help consumers to understand the USDA Food Guide
If you were teaching someone with diabetes how to plan a diet to control carbohydrate intakes, which of the following tools would you use?
the exchange list system
If vitamin C has been added to cranberry juice, the label must include:
nutrient information and an ingredients list.
You are speaking to a group of consumers about ways to use food labels to choose healthy foods in the grocery store. During your presentation, what would you emphasize?
comparing similar food products based on nutrient components and understanding the descriptive terms used on food labels
comparing similar food products based on nutrient components
c. understanding the descriptive terms used on food labels
21%
If a food label states that a food contains eight percent of the Daily Value for dietary fiber, the food would contain _____ grams of dietary fiber per serving
two
A food manufacturer has included the following claim on the container label for a product: "Helps maintain normal iron levels." If you were evaluating the claim, you would
be suspicious because this is a structure/function claim requiring no advance approval
Which of the following have the scientists who have been doing research on phytochemicals in foods found to be true?
research has shown the possible health benefits in cell and animal studies
Blueberries have been leading the way in research on the effectiveness of antioxidants against aging effects on the brain. What would be your comments about eating more blueberries in your diet?
recent studies have mainly been done on laboratory animals so the benefits of increased intake are not known for humans
Recent research on the health benefits of flavonoids found in dark chocolate has shown all of the following except
chocolate consumption reduces incidence of heart disease
Which phytochemical contained in dark chocolate has the potential for positive heart health benefits?
flavonoids
Which of the following is the best and safest source of phytochemicals?
whole foods
Compared to people in the West, Asians suffer less frequently from all of the following except
stomach cancer
One of the best sources of lycopene is
tomatoes
As more research is showing the possible benefits of phytochemicals for health, the best way to approach consuming them in your diet is to
include a variety of fruits and vegetables containing phytochemicals in your diet
Which of the following is a property of manufactured functional foods?
they may act more like a drug than a food in promoting health