How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

past test questions

STUDY
PLAY
haka
war dance of the maori
blackbirders
europeans who invaded islands to capture natives to work on plantations
Land Rights Act of 1976
the law that gave aboriginal people the right to claim land in the northern territory of australia
assimilation
the result of a minority group giving up its culture and adopting the culture of the majority group
terra nullius
the concept of empty land by which the british government decided that it had the right to take land in australia without making treaties with the aboriginal people
the dreaming
the foundation of the aboriginal religion
mabo case
a legal case in which the court recognized that the aboriginal people had owned land before the british arrived in australia
uluru
ayers rock is also called ____ by the aborigineese
nauru
a plateau of almost pure phosphate (island)
stolen generation
the name of the aboriginal people called the mixed-race children who were taken from their families and placed with white families
micronesia
which region of oceania has a name that means "tiny islands"?
melanesia
which region of oceania has a name that means "black islands"?
faith
which is not one of the 7 elements of religion?
-doctrinal
-social
-ritual
-faith
copra
dried meat of coconuts
subsistance activites
what is most of the economy of oceania based upon?
maori
what native group comprises 10% of the population in new zealand?
leases
ranchers take out ____, in effect renting land from the australian government
mr. neville
chief protector for western australia from 1915-1936
judaism
oldest monotheistic religion
amnism
the belief that the divine exists in everything
location
place
region
human-environment interaction
movement
the 5 themes of geography
acculturation
when a society changes because it adapts or accepts an innovation
buddhism
religion founded by siddharta gautama in the 5th century
voyaging canoe
term used to refer to a sailing vessel with a double hull
archipelago
names a set of closely grouped islands that sometimes forms a curved arch
bikini atoll
place has been used by the united states for nuclear tests
high island
refers to a type of landform formed by volcanoes
outback
unpopulated inner region of australia
oceania
another name for pacific islands
low island
what type of island is made by a coral reef?
great barrier reef
name of a huge chain of reeds and islands lying along Australia's northern coast
outrigger canoe
a sailing vessel with an extended float that is used for balance
atoll
ringlike coral island or string of small islands surrounding a lagoon
reforms-go along with north america culture and do not base their lives on the torah
conservative- keep strong religious beliefs but still go on about material lives
orthodox- base everything off torah and live off torah
three most prominent forms of judaism
abraham
man god called to be the father of a great nation; first patriarch
ten commandments
what was given to moses on mount sinai?
moses masmidones
most famous jewish philosopher, lived in spain during medieval period
soloman
davids son, who built the first temple
romans
63 BC: who conquered jews in palestine?
assyrians
who conquered Israelites in 721 BC?
shaitan
"bad twin" of ahura mazda
torah
prophets
writings
what are the three major parts of hebrew scriptures?
with the heart and through love
how does the Kabbalah teach how to know god?
the leadership of the zaddik
a holy man
the center of each Hasidic community
torah
the first five books of the tanakh
mezuzah
small container with a scroll inside of it that has the shema written on it; often found at the entrance to a jewish home
yom kippur
judaisms most important holy day. (day of atonement)
the seder meal
high point of the festival of passover
rosh hashanah
festival that celebrates the new year
leveled jerusalem
decreed the jews could no longer inhabit palestine
second large-scale revolt the jews waged against the romans ended in AD 135 when the romans
pentateuch
greek for the five books of the torah
kabbalah
the most famous text of jewish mysticism
zionism
a movement that was originally committed to establish a jewish homeland
talmud
based on the mishnah with extensive rabbinic commentary
huppah
a bridal canopy
bar mitzvah
special service that takes place on a boys 13th birthday
Diaspora
the situation of jews living away from their ancestral homeland
shema
judaisms most basic statement of monotheism
tanakh
hebrew scriptures
kaddish
a prayer of mourning
muslim arabs
people who conquered palestine and the surrounding area in the 7th century
ten commandments
most famous of the 613 laws
ahura mazda
the wise lord, recognized by Zoroastrians as the one true god
gathas
zarthustras hymns; oldest material in the avesta
parsis
Zoroastrians who live in india today
Faravahar
the symbol for Zoroastrians
...
local governors during the persian empire
shahada
first pillar of islam (central creed)
umma
community of all muslim believers
jihad
arabic for struggle
"one who submits"
the name muslim means
quran and sunna
the sharia comes from
followers of ali
shiite means
the sharia
the divine law setting forth how muslims are to live
baghdad
famous islamic house of wisdom is located in
theory that germs are airborne
camera
idea of hospitals
cataract surgery
inventions by islamic scholars
romans
temple in jerusalem was rebuilt and then destroyed again by whom?
palestine mandate
after WW1 the ottoman empire was divided. what did britain control?
PLO
organization which formed in 1964 to regain the land of israel for the palestinian arabs
druze
marionites
shite muslimes
present day lebanon has a various amount of cultures including
theocracy
religious leaders control the governent
dead sea
what body of water is the lowest place on the exposed crust of the earth
jordan river
what is an important source of water in the southwest asia region?
climate is suitable for growing citrus fruits, olives, and vegetables
how does the mediterranean coast differ from other areas of southwest asia?
rub-al-khali
"place where no one comes out"
to convert crude oil into useful products
purpose of a refinery
salmon rushdie
leader of al-queda
dams and irrigation systems
what is necessary for large-scale farming to take place in southwest asia?
controlling world oil prices
purpose of OPEC
western wall
holiest jewish site in jerusalem
great game
struggle over control of central asia between british and russians
gulags
stalin's labor camps
command economy
central government that makes all important economic decisions
cheka
lenin's secret police
glasnost
"openness" refers to the opening up of former soviet republics to western ideas
lenin
first leader of USSR after october revolution
karl marx
wrote communist manifesto
gorbachev
last soviet leader of USSR; encouraged growth of capitalism
ural mountains
dividing line between europe and asia
Transcaucasia
region that consists of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia
chernozem
fertile soil found on northern european plain
volga river
longest river in europe
lake baikal
oldest and deepest lake in the world
baltic republic
latvia, lithuania, and estonia
russian revolution
rule of czars was ended
USSR
nation formed by communist party in 1922
cold war
conflict between united states and soviet union
caucasus
mountains stretch across black sea and caspian sea
dachas
vacation homes in rural areas where many russians spend their weekends
nagorno karadbakh
armenia and azerbaijan are fighting over which mountains
privatization
process used to sell government owned business's to private citizens
distance decay
organized crime
obstacles to economic reform in russia
chernobyl
nuclear disaster in 1986 causing radiation over much of the northern hemisphere
Joseph Tito
dictator of yugoslavia
continentiality
effect on climate being a great distance from the sea
milosevic
butcher of the balkans
ordered a mass killing of the croats
taiga
large forest of coniferous trees
ethnic cleansing
policy of trying to eliminate an ethnic through violence
yurts
temporary homes used by nomads
silk road
ideas and goods traded on various routes between china and the mediteranean
permafrost
permanently frozen subsoil
banyas
cleansing rituals are done here
dry sauna then a cold plunge
trotsky
russian civil war hero for the red army
the new testament gospels
the primary source of information about jesus' life
be exempt from most requirements of the torah
paul believed that gentile christians should
offered through death and resurrection of jesus
comes through the grace of god
for paul, salvation
presbyters
decons
assisted bishops in early church
issued edict of milan
established constantinople
assembled the council of nicaea
acts of emperor of constantine
roman catholic
eastern orthodox
protestant
christianity is divided
apocalypticism
a common jewish belief which held that the world had come under the control of evil forces and was heading towards the climatic end time
pontius pilate
who was the procurator (governor) of judea at the time of jesus?
apostles creed
the earliest creed
paul
persecuted christians before his conversion to christianity
sadducees
wealthy aristocrats who controlled the temple in jerusalem
incarnation
the doctrine that jesus is fully human and fully divine
heresies
opinions or doctrines at odds with accepted doctrines
john calvin
played a role in the reformation in geneva in geneva, switzerland
essenes
lived in desert communities. wrote dead sea scrolls
eucharist
central ritual of the early church, patterned after the last supper
augustine
wrote the masterpiece of christian theology: the city of god
epistles
the letters of paul found in the new testament
jutland peninsula
peninsula is directly across the north sea from Scandinavia
alps
mountains are across france, italy, germany, switzerland, austria, and the northern balkan peninsula
rhine
flows 820 miles from interior of europe to the north sea
port of rotterdam is the mouth of this river
Pyrenees
mountains that protect spain and portugal from the rest of europe
polder
land that is reclaimed by diking and draining
uplands
hills or low mountains that may also contain mesas or high plateaus
apennines
mountains range that divides the italian peninsula between east and west
iberian peninsula
peninsula is home to spain and portugal
fjords
steep u-shaped valleys that connect to the sea. carved out by glaciers
meseta
central plateau of spain
greece
ancient civilization with first democracy
jupiter
roman sky gods and most powerful of roman deites
orthodox christian
majority religion in greece
aqueducts
roman invention which carried water for long distances
iberian peninsula
700's muslims from north africa conquered what peninsula?
dionysus
greek god of fertility and vegetation
oracles
sanctuary at which revelations of a god were received
the cult of isis
roman mystery religion based on the Egyptian myth of osirius
suleiman
the ottoman ruler who died in hungary
joseph tito
dictator of yugoslavia
archduke francis ferdinand
world war I erupts when he is killed by a serb
hungary
demands equal status with austria, empire created as result
catherine the great
russian ruler who divided poland
ottoman empire
in 1389 defeats the Serbs at the Battle of Kosovo
austria
drove ottomans out of hungary and took control of that state
yugoslavia
formerly called the kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes
bohemia
now called the czech republic
poland
invaded by germany to begin WWII
balkanization
the process of a region breaking into small mutually hostile units
gorbachev
leader of the soviet union who gave eastern europe more freedom
germany
france
two dominant countries of western europe
norway
which country decided not to join the european union
denmark
finland
norway
sweden
iceland
nordic countries
inspired trial by jury and no taxation
influenced constitution of US and Canada
magna carta
belgium
roman catholic country is divided into two regions with the southern section made up of french speaking walloons. steel is its largest industry; headquarters for the EU
netherlands
during the last 600 years more than 40% of the land has been reclaimed by pumping out the north sea; contains the worlds busiest seaport
portugal
poorest country in europe; large cork forests, occupies the western portion of the iberian peninsula
austria
70% mountainous; 85% roman catholic, crossroads or central europe, birthplace of mozart
iceland
-lutheran
-economy based on fishing
-3/4 of land is glaciers, lakes, lava desert, volcanoes and wasteland
germany
-roman catholic and protestant
-rhine, danube, elbe rivers
-black forest bavarian alps
-divided capital
-eastern half under communist rule until 1990
finland
-religion: lutheran
-forests cover over 70% of land
-economy based on paper and pulp
-1939 soviet troops invaded
-1/3 of country lies north of arctic circle
italy
-facist dictatorship of benito mussolini
-roman catholic
-home of the pope
-venice, naples, florence
switzerland
-political stability make its bank accounts a favorite of foreign investors
-southern half of the country is covered by the alps
-matterhorn
-official languages: german, french, italian
norway
-one of the worlds largest exporters of oil
-numerous small islands and many fjords
-northernmost Scandinavian country
-most sparsely populated on the continent