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Federal vs. Unitary
Terms in this set (8)
A system of government containing a central, overarching government and smaller, regional governments.
A system of government with a single, central government which distributes small amounts of power to administrative bodies and legislates over a whole nation.
6 states, 2 territories, Federal Parliament. Commonwealth oversees and has more power than States (s.109). Exclusive powers outlined in s.52 and s.90. Concurrent powers outlined in s.51. Residual powers are those not in the Constitution.
A unitary constitutional monarchy. PM and Parliament run the country on behalf of the Queen. No Constitution - a combination of statutes, precedents and treaties. Central government distributes small amounts of power to administrative bodies.
Federal system divided into 50 states. U.S. Constitution grants the federal government with power over issues of national concern. Amount of power exercised by the federal government is dependant upon how the various provisions of the Constitution are interpreted. Many powers are allotted to States, such as marriage legislation.
The central government uses financial bribery or pressure to force the states to enact the legislation it wants, sometimes through tied grants.
The central government ('federal' government) works together with the regional governments ('states') in order to make legislation and run a country. Each level has distinct and separate powers according to its scope.
Australia federated because...
1. They needed to achieve a united defence force, instead of the mishmash of State military that had existed before.
2. The colonies wanted to unite and strengthen their individual immigration policies in order to better keep out those of non-British descent.
3. They were in need of uniform transport, taxes and trade between the States - for example, uniform rail gauges, free trade, tariffs on incoming goods.
Andrew Jackson's major political constituency was wealthy planters, bankers, and big industrialists.
If you were a member of Congress and wanted to change the structure of the U.S. government, what mechanism would you most likely use?
Which statement regarding the Unites States Congress is best supported by the information in the cartoon?
Why has Congress become more ideologically partisan since the 1980s?
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