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82 terms

social studies

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agricultural density
the ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable to agriculture
arithmetic density
the total number of peple divided by total land area
cartography
the science of making maps
concentration
the spread of something over a given area
connections
relationships among people and objects across the area of space
contaguius diffusion
the rapid widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population
cultural ecology
geographic approach that emphasizes human enviroment relations
cultural landscape
fashiong of a natural landscape by a cultural group
culture
tge body of customary beliefs social forms and matierial traits that constitute a groups distinct tradition
density
th frequency with which something exists within a given unit of area
diffusion
the process of spread of a feature or trend from one place over time
distance decay
the diminishing in importance and evuntual disapperance of a phenomonon with increasing distance from its origin
distribution
the arrangment of something across earth's surface
enviromental determinism
a ninetinth and eary twentieth century approach to the study of geography which argued theat the general laws sought by human geographers could be found in the phisical sciences geography was therefore the study of how the study of the phisical enviroent caused human activities
expansion diffusion
the spread of a feature or trend among people from one place to another in a snowballing process
formal region
an area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics
functional region
n area organized around a node or focal point
gis
a computer system that stores organizes and displays geographic data
gps
a system that determines the precise position of something on earth using satelites
globalization
actions or process that involve the entire world anjd result in making something worldwide in scope
gmt
the time zone that encompassing the prime meridian
hearth
the place where inovative ideas originate
hierchial diffusion
the spread of a feature or trend from one key person of node or authourity to other persons or places
location
the position of anything on earth's surface
pattern
the geometric or regular arrangement of something in a study area
place
a specific point on earth's distinguised by specific characteristic
polder
land created by the dutch by draining water from an area
possibilism
the theory that the physical enviroment may set limits on human actions but people have the ability to adjust to the physical enviroment and chose a course of action from many alternatives
projection
the system used to transfer locations on earths surface to a flat map
region
an area distinguished by a unique combinations of trends or features
relocation diffusion
the spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another
remote sensing
the aquisition of data about Earth's from a satelite orbiting the planet orfrom other long distance methouds
scale
generally the relationship between the portion of earth being studied and earth as a whole
site
the phisical character of a place
situation
the location of a place relative to another place
space
the phisical gap or interval between two objects
space time compression
the reduction in the time it takes tom diffuse something to a distance as a result of imporoved communication and transportation systems
stimulas diffusion
the spread of an underlying principle even though a specific characteristic is rejected
toponyn
the name given to a portion of earth's surface
uneven development
the increasing ga in economic conditions beween core and periperal regions as a result of the economy
venacular region
an area that people believe exists as part of their culteral identity
brain drain
large scale imigration by talented people
chain migration
migration of people to a specific location because because relatives or members of the same nationality migrated there previosly migrated there
circulation
short term repetitive or cycling movements that reoccur on a regular basis
counterurbanization
net migration from urban to rural areas in deveolped countries
emigration
migration from a location
forced migration
permanant movement compeled usually by culteral factors
guest workers
works who migrate to more devolped countries to find work
immigration
migration to a new location
internal migration
permanant movement within a country
international migration
permanant movement from one country to another country
intervening obstacle
an enviromental or cultural feature that hinders agriculture
intraregional migration
permanant movement within one region of a country
migration
form of relocation diffusion involving a permant move to a new country
migration transition
change in the migration pattern ina society that results from industrialization population growth and other social and economic changes that also produce the demographic transition
mobility
all types of movement from one location to another
net migration
the difference between the level of immigration and the level of emigration
push factor
factor that induces people to leave old residences
pull factor
factor that induces people to move to a new location.
refugees
people who are forced to leave their home country because of fear of persecution
voluntary migration
permanant migration by choice
agricultural density
the ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture
agricultural revolution
the time when human being first domesticated plants and animals and no longer entirely relied on hunting and gathering
arithmetic density
the total number of people divided by total land area
census
a complete enumeration of a population
CBR
the total number of live births for every 1000 people alive in society
CDR
the total nuber of deaths in a year for every 1000 people alive in society
demographic transition
the process of change in society from high births and high deaths to a period of low birth and low death
demography
the scientific study of population characteristics
dependency ratio
the number of people under the age of 15 and over the age of 64 who are too old to work the is compared to the total number of people active in the work force
ecumene
the portion of earth's surface occupied by permanant human settlementq
epidemiologic transition
distinctive causes of death in each stage of the demographic transition
epidemiology
branch of medical science concerned with the incidence, distribution and control of dieseases that are prevalent among a population at a special time
industrial revolution
a series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed manufacturing goods
medical revolution
medical technology invented in europe and north america that is diffused to the poorer countries of Latin America asia and africa
nir
the percentage growth of a population computed as the crude birth rate - the crude death rate
overpopulation
the number of people in an area that exceds the capacity of the enviroment to support a decent standard of living
pandemic
diesise that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects a very large porportion of the population
population pyramid
a bar graph representing the distribution of the population by age and sex
sex ratio
the number of males per 1000 females in the population
total fertility rate
the average number of children a woman will average during her prime childbearing years
zero population growth
the decline to the tfr to the point where the
NIR =zero