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agricultural density

the ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable to agriculture

arithmetic density

the total number of peple divided by total land area


the science of making maps


the spread of something over a given area


relationships among people and objects across the area of space

contaguius diffusion

the rapid widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population

cultural ecology

geographic approach that emphasizes human enviroment relations

cultural landscape

fashiong of a natural landscape by a cultural group


tge body of customary beliefs social forms and matierial traits that constitute a groups distinct tradition


th frequency with which something exists within a given unit of area


the process of spread of a feature or trend from one place over time

distance decay

the diminishing in importance and evuntual disapperance of a phenomonon with increasing distance from its origin


the arrangment of something across earth's surface

enviromental determinism

a ninetinth and eary twentieth century approach to the study of geography which argued theat the general laws sought by human geographers could be found in the phisical sciences geography was therefore the study of how the study of the phisical enviroent caused human activities

expansion diffusion

the spread of a feature or trend among people from one place to another in a snowballing process

formal region

an area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics

functional region

n area organized around a node or focal point


a computer system that stores organizes and displays geographic data


a system that determines the precise position of something on earth using satelites


actions or process that involve the entire world anjd result in making something worldwide in scope


the time zone that encompassing the prime meridian


the place where inovative ideas originate

hierchial diffusion

the spread of a feature or trend from one key person of node or authourity to other persons or places


the position of anything on earth's surface


the geometric or regular arrangement of something in a study area


a specific point on earth's distinguised by specific characteristic


land created by the dutch by draining water from an area


the theory that the physical enviroment may set limits on human actions but people have the ability to adjust to the physical enviroment and chose a course of action from many alternatives


the system used to transfer locations on earths surface to a flat map


an area distinguished by a unique combinations of trends or features

relocation diffusion

the spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another

remote sensing

the aquisition of data about Earth's from a satelite orbiting the planet orfrom other long distance methouds


generally the relationship between the portion of earth being studied and earth as a whole


the phisical character of a place


the location of a place relative to another place


the phisical gap or interval between two objects

space time compression

the reduction in the time it takes tom diffuse something to a distance as a result of imporoved communication and transportation systems

stimulas diffusion

the spread of an underlying principle even though a specific characteristic is rejected


the name given to a portion of earth's surface

uneven development

the increasing ga in economic conditions beween core and periperal regions as a result of the economy

venacular region

an area that people believe exists as part of their culteral identity

brain drain

large scale imigration by talented people

chain migration

migration of people to a specific location because because relatives or members of the same nationality migrated there previosly migrated there


short term repetitive or cycling movements that reoccur on a regular basis


net migration from urban to rural areas in deveolped countries


migration from a location

forced migration

permanant movement compeled usually by culteral factors

guest workers

works who migrate to more devolped countries to find work


migration to a new location

internal migration

permanant movement within a country

international migration

permanant movement from one country to another country

intervening obstacle

an enviromental or cultural feature that hinders agriculture

intraregional migration

permanant movement within one region of a country


form of relocation diffusion involving a permant move to a new country

migration transition

change in the migration pattern ina society that results from industrialization population growth and other social and economic changes that also produce the demographic transition


all types of movement from one location to another

net migration

the difference between the level of immigration and the level of emigration

push factor

factor that induces people to leave old residences

pull factor

factor that induces people to move to a new location.


people who are forced to leave their home country because of fear of persecution

voluntary migration

permanant migration by choice

agricultural density

the ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture

agricultural revolution

the time when human being first domesticated plants and animals and no longer entirely relied on hunting and gathering

arithmetic density

the total number of people divided by total land area


a complete enumeration of a population


the total number of live births for every 1000 people alive in society


the total nuber of deaths in a year for every 1000 people alive in society

demographic transition

the process of change in society from high births and high deaths to a period of low birth and low death


the scientific study of population characteristics

dependency ratio

the number of people under the age of 15 and over the age of 64 who are too old to work the is compared to the total number of people active in the work force


the portion of earth's surface occupied by permanant human settlementq

epidemiologic transition

distinctive causes of death in each stage of the demographic transition


branch of medical science concerned with the incidence, distribution and control of dieseases that are prevalent among a population at a special time

industrial revolution

a series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed manufacturing goods

medical revolution

medical technology invented in europe and north america that is diffused to the poorer countries of Latin America asia and africa


the percentage growth of a population computed as the crude birth rate - the crude death rate


the number of people in an area that exceds the capacity of the enviroment to support a decent standard of living


diesise that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects a very large porportion of the population

population pyramid

a bar graph representing the distribution of the population by age and sex

sex ratio

the number of males per 1000 females in the population

total fertility rate

the average number of children a woman will average during her prime childbearing years

zero population growth

the decline to the tfr to the point where the
NIR =zero

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