28 terms

Thompson: World History - Ancient Rome

Roman civilization, from the time of the republic through the rise and fall of the empire, left a legacy still influencing the world.
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myth
A traditional story about gods, ancestors, or heroes, told to explain the natural world or the customs and beliefs of a society.
gladiator
A Roman athlete, usually a slave, criminal, or prisoner of war, who was forced to fight for the entertainment of the public
Romulus and Remus
Traditional story of how Rome began. Twins abandoned and rescued by a wolf, raised by a shepherd . Grew to build Rome. Romulus later killed Remus
Etruscans
An ancient people living in Italy and Corsica
Patrician
In ancient Rome, a member of the privileged upper class.
plebeian
an ordinary citizen in the ancient Roman republic
consul
An elected official who led the Roman Republic
veto
(n.) the power to forbid or prevent; (v.) to prohibit, reject
tribune
In ancient Rome, an official elected by the plebeians to protect their rights.
rule of law
principle that the law applies to everyone, even those who govern
senate
In ancient Rome, older male aristocrats who advised the king on important matters. From the Latin word senex which means "old man."
Greco-Roman
The cultural mixing of both ancient Greek and Roman traditions.
Pax Romana
200 year period of peace in Rome.
aqueduct
A structure that carries water over long distances
engineering
Application of science and mathematics to develop useful structures and machines.
prefect
Roman ruler who ruled a province
gospels
"Good News"; accounts of the life and teaching of Jesus Christ
baptized
A ritual in which someone is blessed with holy water to join the Christians
parable
(New Testament) any of the stories told by Jesus to convey his religious message
disciple
A follower of a person or belief
missionary
A person who spreads his or her religious beliefs to others
persecution
Harassment
Germanic
Barbarians who came to invade the Roman Empire
mercenary soldiers
soldiers who are payed in lands & money to fight under generals warring for power
Which of the following was considered the main role of Roman women?
They bore and raised children.
What does the United States government share in common with the ancient government of the Roman republic?
Separation of powers
Rome was built along the
Tiber River.
What is an "established religion"?
A religion that is supported by the government