35 terms

Thompson: World History - Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece's development of government along with their multiple cultural accomplishments has had a significant influence on the foundation of western civilization.
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city-state
A self-maintained state made up of a city and its surrounding territory. Has its own government.
merchant
A person who makes money by selling goods.
polis
A Greek city-state
Sparta
Ancient Greek state that believed in war and physical activity.
oligarchy
A government ruled by a few powerful people.
tyranny
A form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
democracy
A political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
monarch
A government ruled by a king or queen
aristocrat
A member of a rich and powerful family
citizen
A person with certain rights and responsibilities in his or her country or community
assembly
The main political body of Athens. All free adult males citizens had the right to attend the meetings which took place 40 times a year. Everyone who attended had the right to speak, from the poorest farmer to the richest aristocrat.
Pericles
Athenian leader noted for advancing democracy in Athens and for ordering the construction of the Parthenon.
agora
marketplace
helots
In ancient Sparta, the term for slaves who were owned by the state.
barracks
A building or group of buildings for housing soldiers.
allies
A nation that joins another nation in some common effort, such as winning a war.
cavalry
A unit of soldiers who ride horses.
Hellenistic
a word meaning to "imitate Greeks"; Greek-speaking civilization which spread through many lands of the eastern Mediterranean and beyond following the conquests of Alexander the Great.
cultural diffusion
The spread of ideas, customs, and technologies from one people to another
Homer
A Greek poet, author of the Iliad and the Odyssey
Aristotle
A Greek Philosopher, taught Alexander the Great, started a famous school, studied with Plato
Pythagoras
Greek philosopher and mathematician who proved the Pythagorean theorem
Plato
427-347 BC; Socrates' most famous student; described the ideal form of government in his famous book, The Republic
Socrates
(b. 465 B.C.E.); Athenian philosopher; usually seen as the father of western philosophy.
Sophocles
Greek writer of tragedies; author of Oedipus Rex
Politics
Method of maintaining, managing, and gaining control of government (who gets what, when, and how)
Aristocracy
Group of the most wealthy and privileged
Tenant Farmer
Farmer who works land owned by another and pays rent either in cash or crops
Metic
Extremely careful about details
Phalanx
A military formation of foot soldiers armed with spears and shields
Direct democracy
Government in which citizens vote on laws and select officials directly.
Representative democracy
A system of government in which citizens elect representatives, or leaders, to make decisions about the laws for all the people.
Ephor
a man responsible for the day-to-day operation of the government
Military state
a place in which a ruler keeps power through the military
Mythology
A body of stories about gods and heroes that try to explain how the world works