15 terms

Thompson: World History Unit 7 - Ancient China

Ancient China was a culture known for important inventions and a unique perspective on government and family life that still influences the world today.
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oracle bones
animal bones carved with written characters which were used for telling the future
Mandate of Heaven
..., a political theory of ancient China in which those in power were given the right to rule from a divine source
warlord
An individual with both military and civil control over a country or other group.
philosophy
A system of beliefs and values
yin yang
the balance of the opposite forces of nature (light/dark; male/female; good/evil)
filial piety
In Confucian thought, one of the virtues to be cultivated, a love and respect for one's parents and ancestors
Confucianism
A philosophy of ethics, education, and public service based on the writings of Confucius and traditionally thought of as one of the core elements of Chinese culture
Daoism
A Philosophy based on the ideas of the Chinese thinker Laozi, Who taught that people should be guided by a universal force called the Dao
Legalism
Chinese philosophy developed by Hanfeizi; taught that humans are naturally evil and therefore need to be ruled by harsh laws
analects
A record of the words and acts of the central Chinese thinker and philosopher Confucius and his disciples
silk road
4000 mile trade way from Constantinople to China
magnetic compass
Chinese invention that aided navigation by showing which direction was north.
isolationism
A policy of avoiding political or military involvement with other countries
dynasty
(n.) a powerful family or group of rulers that maintains its position or power for some time
pictograph
A picture or drawing representing words or ideas
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