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12 terms

Realism Authors

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Walt Whitman
quietly wrote and published collection of Poems from Brooklyn , "Leaves of Grass" (considered a masterpiece and epic). Became Hospital Volunteer during Civil War and wrote an eloquent passage of Lincoln.
Louisa May Alcott
Nursed wounded soliders in Washington D.C. during Civil War. Published "Hospital Sketches" based on her letters home during her time as a hospital volunteer. Her most famous novel is "Little Women."
General Lee
Commander of the Confederate Army in 1862 during the Civil War. Desired the Union to stick together, yet war was still declared.
Maj Sullivan Ballou
A Major who wrote a letter to his wife which shows his devotion to both the union cause and his wife and family.
Abraham Lincoln
President of the United States and Union during time of the Civil War. Made speech in regards to the aftermath of Gettysburg. Also wrote the Emanicpation Proclamation.
Mary Chesnut
Wife of James Chestnut, a former U.S. senator from SC and an aide to Jefferson Davis. Kept a Diary during the time of the Civil War, beginning to end.
Shelby Foote
Published the 3 volume classic, The Civil War. An all-around expert on the Civil War. Did interview with ken burns`
Frederick Douglass
Born into Slavery and was seperated from Mother. Escaped to Massachutes and began to make public speeches regarding Abolitionism. Published autobiography about his captivity as an American slave. Then published, "My Bondage and My Freedom." Famous for his abolitionist cause and humane values.
Harriet A. Jacobs
Was born into slavery, escaped with her two children to her grandmother's house. SHe hid in a tiny crawl space above a store room. She recreated the story of her life in her autobiography, "Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, Written by Herself." Became an active abolitionist. Often criticized for her melodrama in her book.
Stephen Crane
Wrote "Red Badge of Courage" and "Open Boat." Became war correspondent in Greece. Never actually was in the war, compared it to football. Founder of Impressionism. And published poem, "War is Kind."
Ambrose Bierce
Scornful of Sentimental illusions. Solider in Civil War (Shiloh & Chickamauga). Editor of "News Letter." Took interest in humor magazines and fiction. Wrote, "Devil's Dictionary" and "The Cynic's Word Book." Nickname: Bitter Bierce.
Mark Twain
Humorist; Satirical writing style. Wrote with relevance towards Mississippi. "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calavenos County." Wrote in regards to his Mediterranean Tour, "The innocents Abroad." Had an article in the "Atlantic Monthly." Wrote: "Roughing It" "Life on the Mississippi" "Adventures of Tom Sawyer" "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (revolutionary and reveals illusions in society." He uses dialect as a literary tool. Conveys Steamboat Culture. Funny and Facetious.