40 terms

Vocabulary (Renassance)

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Jacques Cartier
explorer for France, St. Lawrence and Mississippi River Valley
mercantalism
Economic system of trading nations; belief that a nation's power was directly related to its wealth
triangular trade
A three way system of trade during 1600-1800s Aferica sent slaves to America, America sent Raw Materials to Europe, and Europe sent Guns and Rum to Africa
Middle Passage
journey from Africa to New World, slave trade route
Prince Henry of Portugal
prince of portugal, big sponsor of exploration, founded naval academy of sorts
Vasco de Gama
sea route to India, cape of good hope, portugese explorer
Columbus
explorer for Spain, discovers Americas
Magellan
This was the first person to lead an expedition that circumnavigated the world
Francis Drake
English explorer and admiral who was the first Englishman (2 person) to circumnavigate the globe and who helped to defeat the Spanish Armada (1540-1596)
Zheng He
chinese mariner, admiral
Ming Dynasty
A major dynasty that ruled China from the mid-fourteenth to the mid-seventeenth century. It was marked by a great expansion of Chinese commerce into East Africa, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia.
Songhay Empire
Portion of Mali after that kingdom collapsed around 1500; this empire controlled Timbuktu.
humanism
a renaissance intellectual movement in which thinkers studied classical texts and focused on human potential and achievements
secular
non-religious, wordly
Scientific revolution
the era of scientific thought in europe during which careful observation of the natural world was made, and accepted beliefs were questioned
Copernicus
discovered that the solar system revolved around the sun, heliocentrism
Galileo
Italian astronomer and mathematician who built his own telescope and found four moons revolving around Jupiter
heliocentric
sun centered
geocentric
Earth centered
Johannes Kepler
discovered that the planets move in ellipses
Isaac Newton
English mathematician and physicist, discovered gravity
William Harvey
discovered how the heart and blood works
printing press
invented by Gutenburg. made producing books cheaper and faster
caravel
Portugese ship
compass
navigational tool, used to find north
gunpowder technology
invention of gun powder, redefines rules of war
John Wycliff
failed reformer of church
Jan Huss
failed reformer of church
Erasmus
Dutch humanist and priest, wanted to bring humanism into Catholicism
Martin Luther
Catholic priest, posted 95 theses, faith over good works to get to heaven, initiates protestant reformation
1517
date of 95 theses
John Calvin
reformer who believed in predestination
King Henry VIII of England
formed Anglican church to get a divorce, also known as church of england, secular ruler trumps papal authority
Catholic Reformation
catholic church's counter to protestantism, index conrtolled information, inquisition, ended indulgences with council of trent, simony and reasserted roman catholic church teachings
Ignatius Loyola
founded Jesuits
jesuits
society of Jesus
absolutism
absolute power of monarchs, divine rights of kings
age of englightenment (reason)
influenced by scientific way of understanding world
John Locke
natural rights
Thomas Hobbes
political philosopher, humans are bad