not sceptical, believed in the power of holy relics.
why excommunication was undesirable
anyone excommunicated would not be allowed to have participate in church services (baptism, marriage, burial services) and was thought to be a condemnation to Hell. You would be excommunicated for committing heresy.
was called a tithe, all were required to pay this, it consisted of 10% of their income.
3 main rules to lead an ecclesiastical life
1) Poverty 2) Chastity 3) Obedience
Every village had a church The Church had power over monarchs. Helped people in need.
How the Church grew rich
Grew rich because they owned lands in wealthy towns. Priests became rich because they kept some of the tithe from the Church and payed low wages to replacements.
woke up several times a knight to pray, and rose early in the morning. Food was simple and life had little comforts and luxuries, but still many people came.
spare time in monastic life
some would study, pray, or copy books. These people were literate.
benefits of monastic life
an escape from the drudgery of village life, and improve their social standing. Also provided more education.