25 terms

American Revolution

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Long Term Causes
French and Indian War, Navigation Acts, Salutary Neglect
Mercantilism (Navigation Acts)
economic system in which the colonies exist to make the mother country rich.

strict trade laws

example:Navigation Act
Salutary Neglect
A period of British policy towards the colonies when the king ignored and allowed them to self-govern.
mercantilism
triangular trade
Rights of Englishmen
Magna Charta- limited power to the king
could not be punished or whim of the king
the right to a jury
Petition of Right- could not be taxed without the consent of the parliament.
englad goes from absolute monarchy to limited monarchy
Magna charta, Petition of rights, English Bill of Rights
Short Term Causes
Boston Tea Party, Boston Massacre
French and Indian War
Proclamation of 1763- Britain couldn't afford to pay for the army
Stamp Act
law that taxed printed goods, including: playing cards, documents, newspapers, etc.
Declatory Act
"No taxation without representation"
Townshend Acts
placed taxes on imported materials such as glass, lead, paint, paper, and tea. Led to outrage and tons of people boycotted British goods.
Tea Act
a company a virtual monopoly, or sole control, of the trade of america. led to direct trade to the shopkeeper. bypassed colonists who usually distribute the tea
Boston Massacare
colonist protested. A fight in boston between the british and colonist over taxes and other rights the colonist wanted. killed 5 people
Boston Tea Party
Boston patriots dressed up as Natives and dumped 342 crates of tea into the Boston Harbor in protest of the tea act; Parliament passed intolerable acts in response in order the punish the colonists
led by Sam Adams
Intolerable Acts
cut off trade in Boston Harbor, increased the power of the royal govenor, issued martial law in Boston, colonists forced to house (quarter) soldiers; written in response to Boston Tea Party
A series of laws set up by Parliament to punish Massachusetts for its protests against the British
1st and 2nd continental congress
Independence Hall
Philadelphia, penn
An assembly of delegates from the thirteen colonies. It governed during the Revolutionary War and under the Articles of Confederation.
the 1st continental congress repealed the intolerable acts
the 2nd continental congress created the olive branch petition
Battle of Lexington and Concord
the 1st Battle in the american revolution
"shot herd around the world"
victory for the americas
Battle of Bunker Hill
2nd Battle outside Boston
victory for the patriots
"don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes"
Declaration of Independence
signed July 4, 1776
written by Thomas Jefferson
13 colonies no longer apart of Great Britain
Not a law
All men are created equal
government protects these rights
government fails to protect these rights the people can make their own government
Battle of New York
largest amphibious invasion
split 13 colonies in half
Battle of Trenton
Washington crosses the Delaware
saved the revolution
sneak attack on the British and the Hessians (German mercenaries)
Battle of Saratoga
turning point of the war
patriots defeated a large British army (Arnold defeated Burgoyne)
France decided to help
Winter at Valley Forge
outside Philadelphia
many patriots died from disease and hunger but, trained every day and became a tougher army
Battle of Yorktown
Virginia
last major battle of the war
Washington defeated Cornwallis (England)
Treat of Paris 1783
United States- Free Nation
British- offered freedom to slaves who served in British army
Patriots- fought in every major battle Black Minutemen, Black Green Mountain boys
Notable Patriots
George Washington- Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army
Samuel Adams- formed the Sons of Liberty
John Adams- on comity of the Declaration of Independence
Thomas Jefferson- Declaration of Independence
Thomas Paine- common sense