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Hormones and Their Functions

STUDY
PLAY
human growth
growth of skeleton and muscle
prolactin
controls milk production and secretion
adrenocorticotropic
stimulates adrenal cortex to release hormones
melanocyte stimulating
darkens skin pigmentation
thryroid stimulating
controls release of thyroid hormones
follicle stimulating
stimulates egg and sperm production
luteinizing
controls secretion of estrogen and testosterone
oxytocin
contractions during childbirth
antidiuretic
controls water loss and urine output
thyroxine
controls metabolism of glucose with T3 and T4 and synthesizes iodine
calcitonin
decreases amount of calcium in blood
parathyroid
works with kidneys and raises amountof calcium in blood
mineralcorticoids
controls mineral homeostasis
glucocorticoids
regulates metabolism
gonadocorticoids
estrogen and androgens for onset of puberty
epinephrine
adrenaline, increases heart rate and respiration to resist stress
glucagon
increase blood sugar level
insulin
decrease blood sugar level
androgens
male sex hormone
melatonin
biological clock
thymosin
produces antibodies and T WBCs for immunity
*antidiuretic
vasopressin
*thyroxine
thyroid hormone
*mineralcorticoids
aldosterone
*glucocorticoids
cortisol
*glucagon
alpha cells
*insulin
beta cells
HGH
anterior pituitary
PRL
anterior pituitary
ACTH
anterior pituitary
MSH
anterior pituitary
TSH
anterior pituitary
FSH
anterior pituitary
LH
anterior pituitary
OT
stored in posterior pituitary
ADH
stored in posterior pituitary
TH
thyroid gland
CT
thyroid gland
PTH
parathyroid gland
MINERALCORITCOIDS
adrenal gland
GLUCOCORTICOIDS
adrenal gland
GONADOCORTICOIDS
adrenal gland
EPINEPHRINE
adrenal medulla
GLUCAGON
pancreas
INSULIN
pancreas
ESTROGEN
ovaries
PROGESTERONE
ovaries
TESTOSTERONE
testes
MELATONIN
pineal gland
THYMOSIN
thymus gland
exocrine
leaves body through ducts
endocrine
stays in body through blood
Pancreas
organ that is both endocrine and exocrine
reproduction
function of endocrine system
growth
function of endocrine system
reulgate metabolism
function of endocrine system
stress control/emotions
function of endocrine system
helps immune system
function of endocrine system
electrolyte/nutrient balance
function of endocrine system
nervous system
fast, nerve impulses,goes to tissues needed, travels by neurons, short term effects
endocrine system
slow, hormones, travels through whole body, travles by blood, long term effects
anterior pitutary gland
produces, stores and releases hormones
posterior pituitary gland
only stores and releases hormones made by hypothalamus
master gland
pituitary
potential action site
target area for hormones
target cells/receptors
cells that repond to a particular hormone
Calcitonin
stops osteoclasts bone breakdown and release of calcium
Parathyroid H
starts osteoclasts bone breakdown and releases calcium