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Current World Problems

STUDY
PLAY
Those with a high-technology perspective assert that ...
there is money to be made cleaning the environment.
Advocates of the high-technology perspective believe which of the following?
Human creativity can solve any problem
The case of the Sami reindeer herders showed that snowmobiles proved a problem because they
are expensive and hard to repair, pollute a fragile environment, disrupted the breeding cycle of reindeer, increased inequality in the community
all of the above
Which of the following is least likely to be advocated by those with a shared-technology perspective?
Local problems should be dealt with locally
Those with appropriate-technology perspective
see neocolonialism as an issue in understanding environmental issues
Infectious diseases that are rarely seen, or rarely fatal, in the industrialized world but deadly in the developing world include
cholera, malaria, and tuberculosis
The most deadly contemporary pandemic has been
AIDS
The highest rate of AIDs deaths is currently found in
Sub-Saharan Africa
Which of the following reasons accounts for the rapid and broad reaction to the discovery of swine flu in Mexico in 2009?
Memory of the destruction of the 1918 pandemic, International plans put in place because of the concern over Avian flu,The World Health Organization's immediate notification of world governments, The rapid spread of information over the Internet
All of the above
Those with the appropriate-technology perspective reject the use of vaccines because
they do not reject the use of vaccines
Economic interdependence has increased as a result of the following
transportation costs have come down, reducing the effects of distance
the costs of communication have decreased
the increasing role of free markets and trade
changed attitudes regarding the role of states and governments
all of the above
Which of the following is the oldest form of globalization?
environmental globalization
According to your authors, regarding international relations, interdependence means
actors and events in different parts of a system affecting each other
Some liberal thinkers mistakenly believe that globalization and increasing interdependence will lead to the following:
cooperation will replace competition
The speed at which the 2008 financial and economic crisis spread across the world was an example of
sensitivity interdependence
Perfect symmetric interdependence among states is
very rare
It is often argued that the rules of the international economy reflect the policies of the dominant states at the time. Which states led the world economy in the nineteenth and twentieth century?
Britain and the United States
Which international financial institutions are also known as the Bretton Woods institutions?
The World Bank and the IMF
What is/are the primary objective/s of the IMF?
promoting international monetary cooperation
facilitating the growth of international trade
promoting exchange stability
assisting members states that are in balance-of-payment difficulties
all of the above
What characterizes the concept of complex interdependence?
Welfare is a dominant goal
Transnational actors are important actors
(B and C)
International anarchy means that governments
insist on their sovereign right to make their own decisions
States that can extend their power out of their region to another part of the world are referred to as
great powers
Which war was an example of collective security?
The Korean War
Both terrorism and guerrilla war pose problems for conventional military forces because their combatants
hide among the population and use hit-and-run tactics
Politics may be considered as
the opposite of using force
The European Union
has expanded its membership in the twenty-first century
allows individuals to sue states other than their own
offers a model for making war untenable among members
can pressure members to change their policies
all of the above
" Just War "
attempts to limit state violence while at war
When making foreign policy decisions, state leaders take into account their state's interest because
they are distinct from those of any other state
Which statement best summarizes today's international system?
Sovereignty and strengthened international institutions uneasily coexist
The Iraq and Afghanistan wars best reflect the
capability of the United States to initiate military action
The core ideas of both the state-sovereignty and ethnic-autonomy perspectives include
achieving peace as the ultimate goal
deterrence
the concept ofDuring the Cold War, the superpowers adopted a policy called mutually assured destruction (MAD).
Theoretically, functional independence should lead to more orderly and peaceful state interactions because
economic integration will require increasing social and political cooperation
Building an effective one world order assumes
the institutions that will make and enforce international law will be pluralist
The Dayton Accord
imposed a temporary and uneasy peace
When patriotism (state nationalism) and ethnic nationalism clash, it could
erode state power
lead to a failed state
produce violence
attract outside intervention
all of the above
ethnic autonomy
Decentralization of government authority comprises one of the central components of which perspective
Those with a world order perspective would consider it at least a small compensation for all the suffering that the Bosnia War produced
a war crimes tribunal to try those indicted for crimes against humanity
Globalization means that maintaining a balance of power requires
The effects of globalization remain unclear
The Bosnia War provides a case study of how
peace strategies from all three perspectives can work together
Experts and observers discussed the possibility of a "new world order" after which world event?
The end of the Cold War
While fragmented units and state systems have existed for millennia, the territorial state developed only after
the Renaissance
Globalization is changing people's identities across the world. It is true to say that in much of the world,
global political identity remains weak
One can categorize governance activities according to three levels and three sectors (private, public, and third sector). Which are the relevant three levels here?
Subnational, national, and supranational
The spread of WMD, especially of nuclear weapons, is a consequence of the following:
an effect of technology on the diffusion of power
Neorealist such as Ken Waltz developed a rational model of deterrence among coherent unitary actors, that is, states. What does this model predict with regard to proliferation of nuclear weapons?
The spread of nuclear weapons will produce stability
What are transnational threats to security?
Cross-border terrorism
Cyber warfare
Pandemics
Climate change
All of the above
When analysts make predictions about the possible configurations of power in the international system, two of the most discussed alternatives are
multipolarity and "three economic blocs"
The current distribution of power among states, if described as a three-dimensional chess game, can be characterized as being one of
multilevel interdependence
If Thucydides were to look at international politics today, in which regions would he recognize many aspects of his world from more than 2000 years ago?
Africa, East Asia, and the Middle East