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25 terms

Bio final part 2

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Protects stomach cells from gastric juice
the function of mucus in the stomach
Those with kidney disease
High protein diets may be harmful for
Triglycerides
The body stores excess protein as
4 to 6 months
Iron stores present at birth generally are depleted by
79 of 100 girls her age are taller than she is
Susie is 3 years old. At her most recent checkup she was at the 20th percentile for height. This means that
Lungs
To which body part does blood travel to pick up oxygen and release carbon dioxide
The body mass index
Body weight in kilograms divided by height squared in meters yields
Vegan
A vegetarian who eats only plant foods is a(n
linoleic acid (omega-6) and alpha-linolenic acid (omega-3)
During pregnancy, it is particularly important to make sure to consume adequate these essential fatty acids
A low-birth-weight infant
Obesity during pregnancy is not associated with...
Lactase deficiency
Lactose intolerance is caused by
Increased risk of developing food allergies
This is not an advantage to breast-feeding
Small intestine
The most active area for the absorption of nutrients into the body is the
Epiglottis
What structure prevents food from entering the trachea when you swallow
Portal vein
Which large blood vessel is the first to receive most recently eaten nutrients, transporting them to the liver
Low-fat milk and cheese
The best way for a calcium-deficient pregnant woman to get the extra calcium she needs is to consume
two monosaccharides
A disaccharide is formed by the chemical bonding of
Negative protein balance
Maggie has anorexia nervosa and regularly starves herself. She is likely to be in a state of
Recommended Dietary Allowance
The acronym RDA stands for
basal metabolism
is the energy expended when resting, but awake, and in a fasting state
bile
What substance helps suspend fat in a watery digestive mixture, making fat more available to digestive enzymes
eat this to achieve good nutritional status
Eat a wide variety of foods because no single natural food meets all human nutrient needs
Alcohol
This is not a class of nutrient
It provides 7 kcal/g of energy
This is not true about high quality protein
Marathon
This activity is where carbohydrate loading would be warranted