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Arts and Humanities
History of Europe
Kelly Slatery pd. 2
Terms in this set (16)
The Spirit of the Laws
This work by Montesquieu called for a separation of powers and heavily influenced the formation of American government (1748)
Congress of Vienna
Meeting in the aftermath of Napoleonic Wars (1815) to restore political stability in Europe and settle diplomatic disputes.
Revolutions of 1848
Democratic and nationalist revolutions that swept across Europe. The monarchy in France was overthrown. In Germany, Austria, Italy, and Hungary the revolutions failed. (p. 595)
1783-1830, Venezuelan statesman: leader of revolt of South American colonies against Spanish rule.
France's traditional national assembly with representatives of the three estates, or classes, in French society: the clergy, nobility, and commoners. The calling of the Estates General in 1789 led to the French Revolution. (p. 585)
Olympe de Gouges
A proponent of democracy, she demanded the same rights for French women that French men were demanding for themselves. In her Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen (1791), she challenged the practice of male authority and the notion of male-female inequality. She lost her life to the guillotine due to her revolutionary ideas.
English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contract" in which government powers are derived from the consent of the governed and in which the government serves the people; also said people have natural rights to life, liberty and property.
Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette
king and queen of France who spent much of France's money on themselves rather than helping the citizens = citizens uprising = death of king and queen by guillotene
sent his Girondist opponents and Olympe de Gouges to the scaffold; became even more fanatical and accused Danton of disloyalty to the Revolution; put Danton and his followers to death; carried out a policy of extreme succession, convinced that only he can protect the Revolution from its enemies; in July 1794 he was arrested and guillotined then the Reign of Terror was over; one of the most powerful jacobin
Overthrew French Directory in 1799 and became emperor of the French in 1804. Failed to defeat Great Britain and abdicated in 1814. Returned to power briefly in 1815 but was defeated and died in exile. Sold Louisiana to the U.S.
Declaration of the Rights of Man
Revolutionary document of the French Revolution. Written in 1789, it spelled out certain rights believed to be universal to all mankind. Patterned on the American Declaration of Independence.
The traditional political and social order in Europe before the French Revolution
1789, a house of the Parliament of France
Radical republicans during the French Revolution. They were led by Maximilien Robespierre from 1793 to 1794. Responsible for the Reign of Terror.
The second to last stage of the French Revolution (1795-1799)
Napoleonic Code; this code preserved most of the gains of the revolution by recognizing the principle of the equality of all citizens before the law, and ect.
Sets with similar terms
French Revolution Vocabulary
French Revolution Vocabulary
The French Revolution
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