CheckRide Pilot Questions
Terms in this set (90)
What are eligibility requirements for private pilot airplane certificate?
a. be at least 17 years old
b. read, write, speak and understand english
c. Hold at least 3rd class medical cert
d. received the required ground and flight training endorsements
e. meet applicable aeronautical experience requirements
f. passed the knowledge and practical tests.
To act as PIC what must a pilot have in his possession or readily accessible in the aircraft?
a. Valid Pilot cert
b. current and appropriate medical certificate
c. photo id
How long is the 3rd class medical certificate good for?
Since I got my medical on 2/27/14 at the age of 39 it's good for 5 years from the date of issue so 2/27/19.
What are the requirements to remain current as a private pilot?
A. Flight review within preceding 24 months with an instructor.
B. to carry passengers, a pilot must have made within the preceding 90 days:
1. 3 TO and LDS
2. 3 TO and LDS to full stop if operations will be conducted during 1 hour after sunset and ending 1 hour before sunrise.
Does a pilot certificate ever expire?
No, but it may lapse if your medical expires or you do not get a flight review within the preceding 24 months.
Will you be able to fly a tail dragger with this license? Why or why not? What would you have to do?
No, because I have not received proper flight training and endorsement. I would need to get instruction from an authorized instructor and endorsement in logbook. To stay current I would need to also do 3 TO and LDS to a full stop.
What is a complex airplane? Can I fly one? Why or why not? What would you have to do?
Complex airplanes have retractable landing gear, flaps and controllable pitch propeller. No, because I have not received proper flight training and endorsement. I would need to get instruction from an authorized instructor and endorsement in logbook.
What is a flight review and when will yours be due?
Every 24 months an authorized flight instructor will review 1 hour of ground training (covering FAR 91), 1 hour of flight training, and endorses your log book.
If you were to go out and get in your airplane and the transponder did not work could you fly it home? If you could where and for how long could you fly it?
Yes with certain expections. A transponder is not a required piece of equipment according to FAR 91.205 however it is required when entering class B, C airspace. It is also required above 10,000 msl. You may only enter B, C airspace with prior ATC approval. If you do plan to fly you should placard as inop.
When must an ELT battery be changed?
After using for more than 1 cumulative hour or half it's useful life. Example if battery is a four year battery it must be replaced after 2 years.
If you discovered that the ELT battery did not work could you fly? When and where?
Yes. You may fly the plane with an INOP ELT to a place where repairs or replacements cannot be made to a place where they can be made.
What are some of the required maintenance and equipment inspections for your aircraft?
A. Annual inspection / 1oo hour
B. ELT inspection every 12 months
C. ELT battery expiration date
D. Transponder certification every 24 months.
E. Compliance with applicable ADs. onetime and recurring.
If you got into your airplane and realize the turn coordinator was not working could you take off?
Because the turn coordinator is not a required piece of equipment according to FAR 91.205
If the fuel gauge is not working, could you take off?
Because the Fuel gauge is a required piece of equipment according to FAR 91.205
What are "special flight permits"? When are they necessary? What sort of stuff would one be required for? What about a ferry permit?
a. flying the aircraft to a base where repairs, alterations, or maintenance are to be performed, or to a point of salvage
b. Delivering or exporting the aircraft
c. Production flight testing new production aircraft
d. Evacuating aircraft from areas of impending danger
e. Conducting customer demonstration flight
s in a new production aircraft that have
satisfactorily completed production flight tests
f. To authorize the operation of an aircraft at a
weight in excess of its maximum certificated
What documents are required to be on board an aircraft prior to flight?
Owners manual or operating manual
Weight and balance data
Who is responsible for making sure the that the aircraft is airworthy?
the owner or operator
Who is responsible for making sure that the aircraft is safe to fly?
What minimum equipment is required in your airplane? Where is this information found in the FAR?
a. For the engine I need Tachometer, Oil pressure, Oil Temp, and Fuel gauges
B. To get where I need to go Airspeed indicator, Altimeter and magnetic compass.
C. To get there safely: Anti-Collision Lights, Seatbelts, Harness, and ELT
D. To get there safely at night: Position lights, and at least One electric landing light
Found in FAR 91.205
What frequency is flight watch on?
122.0 above 5000AGL prior to 9/24/15.. now you call FSS.
ATC Light Gun signal: Steady Green
Surface: Cleared for takeoff
Inflight: Cleared to land
ATC Light Gun signal: Flashing Green
Surface: Cleared Taxi
Inflight: Return for landing then steady green
ATC Light Gun signal: Steady RED
Inflight: Give way and continue circling
ATC Light Gun signal: Flashing RED
Surface: Taxi clear of runway in use
Inflight: unsafe, do not land
ATC Light Gun signal: Flashing White
Surface: Return to starting point on airport
ATC Light Gun signal: Alternating RED/GREEN
Exercise Extreme Caution
What is hypoxia? What are some symptoms?
Hypoxia is state of oxygen deficiency. Daytime usually doesn't occur below 12000 msl. 12-15k Msl judgement, memory alertness coordination, and ability to make calculations are impaired. Headaches, drowsiness and either sense of well being or belligerence occur. Effects are worse above 15000 msl. During night at as low as 5000 msl night vision deterioration usually occurs.
What are some symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning?
Headache, drowsiness, dizziness and/or loss of muscular power.
What is a TRSA?
Terminal Radar Service Area, which consists of airspace surrounding designated airports where ATC provides radar vectoring, sequencing and separation full time for all IFR and participating VFR aircraft. Participation is urged but not mandatory.
What is wake turbulence?
A pair of counter-rotating vortices trailing from the wing tips.
What are the tendencies of wingtip vorticies?
They tend to circulate outward, upward and around the wing tips. They tend to sink and move outward from the wingtips.
How do you avoid them when landing behind a large heavy aircraft?
Stay above the approach flight path and touchdown beyond the heavier aircraft's landing point.
How do you avoid them when Taking off behind a large heavy aircraft?
You should take off before the takeoff point of the heavier aircraft and stay above the flight path.
How is closed runway marked?
Runway threshold, runway designation and touchdown markings are removed and then Yellow crosses are marked at end of runways and every 1000 feet.
How is a displaced threshold marked
A ten foot wide white threshold bar is located across the width of the runway at the displaced threshold. White arrows are located along the centerline in the area between the beginning of the runway and the displaced threshold. White arrow heads are located across the width of the runway just prior to the threshold bar.
What is a stall? How do you recover from a stall?
It's when the airplane exceeds the critical angle of attack. You decrease the angle of attack
What is a spin? How do you recover from a spin?
it's an uncontrolled stall in which the aircraft descends in a helical path with one wing more stalled than the other. You should power off, set controls to neutral, apply full rudder opposite to the spin, push forward on the yoke to break the stall and then pull back gently to recover.
What instruments operate off of the Pitot/static system? How does it work? What happens if the static port becomes clogged? What if the pitot becomes clogged.
1. Airspeed, Altimeter, Vertical Speed indicator
2. The airspeed indicator measure s the difference between the impact pressure from the pitot head and undisturbed atmospheric pressure from the static source. The Altimeter has aneroid wafers that expand and contract as pressure changes. The vertical speed indicator measures the pressure difference between the inside of an aneroid wafer and the inside of the case. The case has a calibrated orfice that changes more slowly than the pressure inside of the aneroid.
3. The airspeed indicator, altimeter and vertical speed indicator will not function if Static port is clogged.
4. Only the airspeed indicator will not work if pitot is clogged.
What contains gyros? What do Vaccuums do?
1. Heading indicator, Attitude indicator and Turn Coordinator(electric)
2. Vacuums provide suction which pulls air from the instrument case so that normal pressure may enter and rotate the rotor vanes that turn the gyro. Vacuums values usually range from 4.5 to 5.5 hg.
What conditions favor carb icing? How can you tell when carb ice has started to form?
Carb ice is mostly likely to occur when temperatures are as low 20F or high as 70 F and the relative humidity is above 80%. RPM starts to drop off.
What is the emergency frequency?
What is the category of your aircraft? What is the class?
Category is AIRPLANE
Class is SINGLE ENGINE LAND
What does it mean when the temperature and the dew point are close?
Fog can form when the temp and dew point are as close as 5 degrees.
What is magnetic variation?
It's the difference between true north and magnetic north
What inspections are required to be performed on your aircraft and when are they due?
A. Annual every 12 months
B. A 100 hour inspection since it's trainer
C. ELT inspection every 12 months
D. ELT Battery expiration date
E. Transponder certification every 24 months
F. Compliance with applicable ADs and/or recurring ADs
Are an annual and a 100 hour inspection the same? Can an annual be counted for a 100 hour or vice versa? Explain A&P and IA
No. Yes an annual can be counted as a 100 hour but not the other way around. Only an A&P with Inspection Authorization can perform an annual. 100 hour inspections can be performed by just an A&P
Explain the 10 hour window on a 100 hour inspection
The 100 hour inspection limitation may be exceeded by no more than 10 hours while en route to a place where the inspection can be done. The excess time used to reach a place where inspection can be done must be included in computing the next 100 hours of time in service.
What are ADs? How do we comply with them?
1. It's an airworthiness directive and it's the FAA way of notifying owners of unsafe conditions that may existe because of design defects, maintenance, or other issues. They also specify conditions under which the product may continue to be operated.
2. ADs are mandatory
What are placards and when are they required?
Placards are information notices installed in an airplane. They can inform what an aircraft is rated for and be used to label INOP equipment. Even and aircraft checklist can be placarded to the aircraft.
Can you fly with INOP equipment in your aircraft? How , when, to where and in what capacity?
Yes, but it depends on the type of equipment. If it's not a required piece it can be placarded INOP and still be operated. If it's required then a special flight permit must be obtained to fly to a place where repairs can be done.
What are the various source of obtaining weather for a flight?
1. Primary source is 1800 wx brief at FSS.
2. Direct user Access System : DUATS
3. Hazardous inflight weather advisory service HIWAS through VOR
4. Transcribed Weather Broadcasts TWEB
KIAS : 41
KIAS : 47
KIAS : 55 - 65
KIAS : 85
KIAS : 128
KIAS : 160
KIAS : 97
Va 1950 lbs
KIAS : 89
Va 1600 lbs
KIAS : 80
Best Glide (Flaps Up)
KIAS : 65-70
Best Glide (Flaps Dn)
KIAS : 60
Max Demonstrated X-wind
KIAS : 15
Approach (Flaps Up)
KIAS : 60 - 70
Approach (Flaps DN)
KIAS : 55 - 65
Soft-Field TakeOff Check list:
Accelerate in ground effect
Climb Out/50 ft. obst...............65 KIAS
Climb Out/No obst...................Vy 78
Short-Field TakeOff Check list:
Climb.............................Vx 59 until clear of obstacle
59 KIAS @ sea level
61 KIAS @ 10,000 ft
Short-Field Landing Check list:
Airspeed............................65 KIAS (Flaps UP)
What are various types of weather briefings? What does each one contain and when should you request one?
1. Standard briefing - Request when you are planning a flight and you have not received a previous one
2. Abbreviated briefing - Request to supplement a standard briefing
3. Outlook Briefing - Request whenever your proposed flight is six hours or more
4. Inflight Briefing - Request when needed to update a preflight briefing.
What are METARS? What are TAFs
1. Metar or aviation routine weather reports: An hourly surface observation of conditions at an airport.
2. TAF : An aviation Terminal Forecast is an expected conditions within 5 SM radius from center of airport.
Are weather briefings required for VFR flights?
Yes, because a pilot must have all available information before each flight.
What services can you get from FSS?
Weather, Flight Plans, NOTAMS, IFR information
What are DUATS
Direct User Terminal Access - It's an internet page that give you route planning, winds, route weather, NOTAMS, TFRs and let's you file a flight plan. There are lots of these out now.
What are NOTAMS: What are the different types?
NOTAMS are notices to airmen and is information that could affect a pilots' decision to make a flight. It includes information such as airport or primary runway closures, changes to status of navigation aids, ILS. radar service availability, and other information essential to planned en route terminal or landing operations.
NOTAMS ( D )
NOTAMS ( L )
NOTAMS ( D )
A NOTAM giving DISTANT dissemination beyond the area of responsibility of FSS. They contain information on all civil public use airports and navigational facilities that are part of the the National Airspace system. These are serious enough to affect whether an airport or certain facility is usable.
NOTAMS ( L )
Local Dissemination by voice and other means to satisfy local user requirements. It includes such data as taxiway closures, personnel and equipment near or crossing runways. and airports lighting aids that do not affect instrument approach criteria such as VASI.
National Flight Data Center will issue these NOTAMS when it becomes necessary to disseminate information that is regulatory in nature.(Chart changes) and TFRs.
What are TFRs. Where can you find out about them?
Temp Flight Restrictions: typically to protect public figures, sporting events
These can be obtained from:
DUATS or Online
Locally broadcasted ATIS
Notice to Airmen Publication NTAP -Printed NOTAMS
Presidential TFR are 2000 AGL with 3 NM radius.
What are various sources of obtaining weather in flight?
HIWAS on VOR
Or look out the window to see actual weather
Oxygen Requirements and Alltitudes:
12,500 - 14,000 MSL ft for more than 30 minutes flight crew must use O2
Above 14,000 ft MSL : Flight crew
Above 15,000 ft MSL: each occupant
What are Fuel requirements for VFR night flight?
Must have fuel fuel reserve of 45 minutes past intended landing point.
Do you have to have a Mode C transponder when flying above Class C airspace?
Yes, When flying above Class C and 10,000 MSL and above.
What happens to Class D airspace when the tower closes?
It reverts to back to Class E or G depending on whether it has automated weather broadcasts.
What does TSRA mean?
Abbreviation on METAR for Thunderstorms and moderate rain
Do your spark plugs get their spark from the battery?
No, from the magnetos. Explains why engine won't fail if alternator/generator goes out and you lose avionics and other electrical items.
If generator or alternator quits working and your battery goes dead will your engine keep running?
Yes because spark plugs get their spark from magnetos.
Describe Class A, B, C, D, E, G airspace. Vis/Cloud CLR/Ratings
Class B: 3 SM COC : Busy Radar contact/Vectoring
Class C & D: 3SM 500'B 1000'A 2000'H
Class E: 3SM 500'B 1000'A 2000'H
above 10,000 ft MSL 5SM 1000,B 1000,A 1SM H
Below 1200 AGL
1 SM COC
Above 1200 AGL
1 SM 500'B 1000'A 2000'H
above 10,000 ft MSL 5SM 1000,B 1000,A 1SM H
When you look at Allendale VOR why is "Anderson" written below it?
If you need FSS that would be who you'd contact...Anderson Radio 655Charlie bravo "OVER"..