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39 terms

COMM FINAL

STUDY
PLAY
Euphemism
An inoffensive or mild expression given in place of one that might offend
Linguistic Relativity
The theory that people from different language communities perceive the world differently
Adaptors
The most difficult nonverbal cue to interpret, refers to body motions that help us feel at ease in conversations. Examples could include playing with a pencil, touching your hair, or playing with a ring
What concrete words represent
Tangible things
Connotation
The subjective meaning of a word; what a word suggests because of feelings or associations it evokes
Denotation
The objective meaning of a word
Metaphor
A figure of speech in which a word or phrase relates one object or idea to another object or idea that are not commonly linked together
Complementing
The use of nonverbal cues to describe or accent verbal cues
Haptics
Tactile, or touch, communication; one of the most basic forms of communication
3-7
An ideal group consists of this many members
Primary Groups
A group that focuses on social and interpersonal relationships
Cohesiveness
The attraction that group members feel for each other and willingness to stick together
Autocratic Leader
A leader with complete control
Laissez-faire Leader
A leader who gives up control
Adoption
Asks listeners to demonstrate their acceptance of attitude, belief or value by beginning something
Continuance
Asking listeners to continue to perform a behavior
Question of Fact
Asks what is true or false
Question of Value
Asks whether something is good or bad, desirable or undesirable
Character
Audience's perception of your trustworthiness and ethics
Charisma
Appeal or attractiveness of the speaker that the audience perceives
Appeal to Needs
Moves people to action by calling on their physical and psychological requirements and desires
Logical Appeal
Moves people to action through the use of evidence and proof
Emotional Appeal
Moves people to action by playing on their feelings
Deductive Reasoning
Moves from general info to specific conclusion
Inductive Reasoning
reasoning from the specific to the general
Muted Group Theory
A theory suggesting status and power are linked and that women, ethnic minorities, and out-groups have little voice, they lack the power of appropriate language
Word
A symbol standing for the object or concept it names
Idioms
Words whose meanings cannot be understood by the ordinary usage
Semantics
The study of meaning, or the association of words w/ideas, feelings, and contexts
Bypassing
A misunderstanding that occurs between a sender and a receiver because of the symbolic nature of language
Indiscrimination
The neglect of individual difference and over emphasis of similartites
Indexing
Technique to reduce indiscrimination
Dating
Form of indexing, sorting acc. to time
Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis
Explanation how thought influences our reality and how though process influenced by language
Verbal Immediacy
Identifies and projects the speakers feelings and makes the message more relevant tot he listener
Proxemics
The study of the use of space and of distance between communicating individuals
Chronemics
Study of how people perceive structure, and use time as communication
Functional Approach
Using more than one nonverbal message at a time to look for meaning
Adhominem
A fallacy that attacks a person rather than the argument itself