Terms in this set (93)
A middle school teacher wants to increase students' reading comprehension skills through oral language activities. Which of the following activities is best suited for this purpose?
Students watch a variety of television commercials then discuss in groups the commercials' use of selling, convincing, and propaganda.
A kindergarten teacher asks a student to say the word make without the /m/. The student responds by saying "ake." The teacher then asks, "what's coat without the /c/?" The student responds by saying "oat." As an informal assessment strategy, this activity would be most effective in evaluating the student's -
ability to delete phonemes in a word.
Based on current research, which of the following is NOT important in the selection of materials for teaching the alphabetic principle?
Does the program limit the number of letter-sound correspondences taught to one per week?
Ms. Larson teaches at a preschool where she helps young children develop beginning literacy skills. Which of the following would be the best way to assist children develop their earliest literacy skill?
Read aloud to children while they look at the book and the words.
Students in a fourth-grade class work in groups to develop a list of spelling words that focuses on homophones. Which of the following word pairs best represents this concept?
sight and site
A third-grade student is struggling in reading. The teacher notices the child devotes too much attention to decoding and not enough attention to the meaning of the text. The teacher could best help the student by -
working o fluency skills.
Mrs. Graton's sixth-grade language arts class is studying British novels. There are a number of English Language learners in the class. Which of the following strategies will best facilitate these students involvement in class discussions?
distributing the ELL students in mixed grouping of other students for discussion of cultural references
Mrs. Jenson is developing a lesson to help her students develop better critical thinking skills. One of the activities Mrs. Jenson plans on incorporating into her lesson is to have students to view various commercial websites promoting various products and services. In having the students complete this activity, which of the following initial questions would most likely stimulate critical thinking in the students?
What is it about this website that appeals to you?
A kindergarten teacher designs an activity in which a student uses the Alphabet Arc illustrated below. Each arc has the alphabet written or placed in an arc shape to help students gain knowledge of the alphabet with hands-on activities. Magnetic letters are used as manipulatives for phonics activities with the arc. Students participate in phonics activites with the arc on a regular basis, studying letters and their sounds, and using letters to form simple words and practice word patterns.
After the initial step of having a student place the alphabet on the arc in the correct order, the teacher wanted to determine whether the student is prepared to spell simple words. Which of the following informal assessment strategies would be most effective for this purpose?
The student attempts to make words with the same rimes but different onsets. (tap, cap, rap)
A fourth-grade teacher plans a variety of activities related to "Jabberwocky" a poem published by Lewis Carrol in 1871. Students will work in pairs t0
make up definitions for some on the nonsense words. They will read the poem aloud using tone of voice to express various moods. Finally, they will create their own nonsense poems and give oral readings of them. These activities are most likely to promote students' writing development by -
fostering the students' enjoyment of playing with and thinking about language.
Mrs. Firebaugh is teaching her students how to analyze several visual images she put on display in her classroom. The images include photographs, political cartoons, and propaganda posters. She wants her students to understand and interpret visual images. She wants to enhance their observation and interpretive skills. Which of the following questions should Mrs. Firebaugh pose to her students that will most likely guide the students' interpretation of the visual images?
Given what you see and what you know about the image, what is the creator trying to express?
Mrs. Firebaugh, a second-grade teacher, notices that one of her students is reading well overall but still struggles with words such as "though" and "been." Which of the following instructional strategies would benefit the students the most?
high-frequency words with irregular spellings
Three students are playing a game using the spinner above. Each student draws three boxes on a piece of paper. The spinner is spun, and each student writes the number in any one of the three boxes. Th spinner is spun two more times, and each time the students write the number in a remaining empty box. The students then compare numbers, and whoever has the largest three-digit number wins the game. This game would be particularly useful in helping students' understanding of -
Which of the following has an irrational rather than a rational solution?
Y^2 - 5 = 0
Which of the following solves 5a + 3b/2 = 7 for a.
a = 14 - 6b/5
Correct sequence of - 1. Constitutional Convention meets in Philadelphia, 2. Declaration of Independence announced, 3. Federalists Papers written, 4. George Washington elected as first president.
2., 1., 3., 4.
Which of the following unit plans best illustrates an approach to social studies instruction that relates geographic information to information and ideas in one or more other social science disciplines?
A unit entitled "Our Town" in which lessons about the physical setting of the town are followed by lessons in which students investigate the towns' past and present economic activities and settlement patterns
The Soviet Union existed from 1922 to 1991. Which of the following best describes how the Soviet Union's economy functioned during most of its existence?
The government made all economic decisions for the whole nation.
In 1787, representatives from each of the newly formed states met to create a constitution for the nation. British government abuses in the colonies such as ____________ made it clear for the Founding Fathers that they should include ___________ in the U.S. Constitution.
ignoring petitions for redress; a representative assembly
Sixth-grade students are working on an activity which asks them to measure the mass and volume of small rubber balls. Which of the following methods would give the students an accurate measurement of each?
weigh the ball to find the mass and use displacement to find the volume
Sixth-grade students if Mr. Solis' class want to determine if mealworms prefer to eat slices of potatoes or slices of apple. The design of this experiment should include all of the following except -
introduce another type of insect to see if the feeding patterns are the same
All of the following statements about the relationship between force and motion are true except -
As the mass of an object increases, the amount of force needed to move the object decreases.
What is the difference between an element and a compound?
An element is composed of only one kind of atom and cannot be separated into simpler substances. Compound are a combination of elements that are chemically bonded together.
Which of the following is a correct sequence in the life cycle of a butterfly?
The pupa develops from the caterpillar.
The similarities in the structure of the wings of bird and the fins of fish are best attributed to -
similarities in the functions of these appendages.
Ms. Meadors took her sixth-grade students outside during a particularly windy day one March afternoon. She then asked her students why the wind tended to blow harder in March than it did other months of the year. What is the correct response to this question?
There is a greater differential in the temperature of air masses on the earth during this time of year.
The P.E. teachers at Bryan Independent School District have a well-organized plan for evaluation. Accurate records are kept and students are evaluated fairly. The teachers have made a commitment to keep students and parents informed of student progress in physical education. Education has many purposes in this program. Which of the following evaluation uses would be most important to these teachers?
To assist with the student and program decision-making process.
A kindergarten teacher could informally assess a student's phonemic awareness by asking the student to -
identify the sound he/she hears at the beginning, middle, or end of a spoken word.
Which of the following instructional activities does not encourage development of print awareness in school children?
Leading the song, twinkle twinkle little star
Which of the following statements best defines the role of phonemic awareness in emergent literacy?
Learning to distinguish the separate sounds in spoken word prepares students to match their listening comprehension.
During which of the following stages of spelling development do students typically begin to show an understanding of the correspondence between letters and sounds?
Brian writes "spcl" for the word special. When considering the developmental stages of spelling, Brain uses -
The use of repetitive, rhyming texts for kindergarten read-alouds is likely to promote the reading development of kindergarten students primarily by -
fostering their phonemic awareness.
Mr. Stinson is helping students in his Content Mastery class with their science assignment. They are required to read a chapter in their fourth-grade science book and answer questions about it. All of these students have difficulty with reading. Which of the following approaches would be most effective in helping them with their assignment?
Mr. Stinson goes over vocabulary words they will encounter in their reading and they discuss the meaning of those words.
A first-grade student is reading a story aloud. The student attempts to read the sentence, "Jill likes to play on a swing." Printed below is an excerpt from the student's comments as he attempts to read the sentence.
Student; Jill likes to play on a [makes a /s/ sound] ... I don't know that word. Sing? Swim? No, that's not it. Maybe that word is swing.
In the comments above, the student most clearly demonstrates which of the following reading skills?
Using graphophonic cues to help analyze and decode an unfamiliar word.
After identifying the word swing, the student turns to the teacher and asks, "Is that right? Is it swing?"
The teacher wants to encourage the student to use semantic and syntactic cues to verify the word. Which of the following teacher responses to the student's question would best address this goal?
"Now try reading the sentence again and see whether swing makes sense."
The cloze technique is an especially useful method for assessing students' understanding of English language structures because it requires students to -
select appropriate words based on their grammatical function as well as on their meaning.
The parents of a pre-kindergarten student say that their child is learning to recognize and name letters of the not yet learned to write any of the letters. The parents wonder whether they should encourage their child to try writing the letters. The teacher could best respond by -
explaining that letter writing can benefit the student by reinforcing his letter-recognition skills.
It is early in the school year and Mrs. Jesten wants to develop an activity that will help her second-grade students communicate more clearly by correctly using the conventions of written English. Of the following which activity would best accomplish this goal?
Under the teacher's direction, students work in groups to read through a paragraph containing grammatical and punctuation errors identifying and correcting errors.
A third-grade teacher has access to a computer program that translates spoken words into written text. In the context of language arts instruction, this voice-recognition technology would be especially useful for which of the following purposes?
promoting the literacy development of a student who has strong oral language skills but severe writing and spelling difficulties.
A fourth-grade teacher designs an instructional activity in which students work in small groups to create a different ending to an adventure story they have read. Each group then shares with the class their new version of the story. This activity is likely to promote students' reading proficiency primarily by -
having them apply their understanding of the elements of the literary texts.
Determine the choice that illustrates the commutative property for (a + b) + c =
c + (a + b)
Which of the following is NOT a prerequisite for children to recognize patterns?
Which choice is a real number?
Average daily temperatures are most likely calculated using which method of central tendency?
Square of a sum
Use of an interdisciplinary approach to explore the environmental impact of human activity would probably be most relevant for a social studies unit on which of the following topics in Texas history?
The economic effects of railroad expansion in Texas during the second half of the nineteenth century
Which of the following best describes a basic purpose of law in the United States?
To establish socially acceptable ways for resolving disputes among citizens
London General Evening Post -
The exception that the colonies should pay for their own defense
Barbara Jordan -
Separation of powers
The Texas lieutenant Governkr is often called the most powerful politician in Texas, why?
The LG is a member of both the executive and legislative departments and determines which bills are considered in the Texas Senate.
Estimated Oil Reserves - Saudi Arabia
1863 - Texas
Major turning point in the Civil War -
Vicksburg surrenders to Union Forces
In 1828 the U.S. congress increased taxes paid on imports to protect newly established northern industries from foreign competition. The southern economy was hurt by this protective tariff because the tariff -
Increased the price of foreign manufactured goods
Trip from plains to mountainous region?
St. Louis to Denver
Cause & effect -
War blocked British imports
In addition to the locomotive, what other early 1899/ technological innovation led to an increase in markets for goods manufactured in the Northeast?
The earth is surrounded by a blanket of air called the atmosphere. Which of the following statements about the earth end atmosphere is true?
It is believed that the earth's atmosphere - currently composed of approximately 79% nitrogen and 20% oxygen - originally had no oxygen.
Which of the following accurately describes what we know about the earth's crust?
The earth's crust is divided into 7 plates that move around in different directions and sometimes crash into one another.
Compounds are composed of two or more atoms that are chemically bonded together. When atoms are chemically bonded together -
The valence electrons in each atom interact
The art of a 3 year old children is most likely to reflect the fact that children at this age are
Fascinated with tactile and visual qualities of various art media.
Which of the following concepts related to illness and disease would be the most appropriate to teach students in first grade?
One of the functions of the skin is to help protect our bodies from germs.
Debrorah Kelly teaches P.E. K - 2, what skills do they work on?
Locomotor, non-locomotor, and manipulative skills.
Mrs. Henry, Chrystal
Heath (definition) for P.E.
Health is a continuous balancing of physical, spiritual, and emotional aspects of life.
Which of the following is an example of a consonant digraph?
ck as in back
Box with always, around, tell, their, upon, etc.
Using creative ways to expose the students to the words in multiple situations and contexts.
A 3rd grade teacher wants to broaden students' understanding of their own culture and the culture of others through reading of literary texts. Which strategy?
Students read folktales and other literature from various cultures and discuss the similarities and differences.
A pre-K teacher wants to encourage parents to help support their children's writing development -
affirming all early efforts by the child to approximate written language at home.
Mrs. Young has her students march around the room to music on number cards with a cup of beans....
symbols begin to make sense.
Region with poverty?
Mountains and Basins
Energy is best defined by the statements below except by -
ability to be continually created
The seasonal changes in weather are caused by -
the tilt of Earth's axis with respect to its orbit around the sun
The drug most commonly tried and used by adolescents -
Sarah, a kindergartener has mastered concepts of print....
Mr. Brandon teaches a class of 4th grade, several with LD's. Help students become better at recognizing irregularly spelled words....
Have the students reread familiar books at their independent reading levels.
spelling "hom" for home
My Trip to the Zoo - Kyle - revising?
Reorganize the sequence of events into a more logical order
revision stage of writing an essay...
Is any part of my essay unclear or confusing?
Rosa - strengths?
analyzing cause & effect relationships in text
A 1st grade teacher provides students with explicit, systematic, phonics instruction to promote their reading development...
provide reading opportunities for students to practice sounds in context after studying the sounds in isolation
being familiar with common language structures can help a reader interpret a text
Jeni is having problems with reading and answering questions...
Listen to Jeni carefully
What number system is a repeating decimal a member of?
What is the probability of getting at least two tails in tossing 3 coins?
1.8 km^2 to square miles
Base-ten blocks, attribute blocks, Cuisenaire rods and cubes are some of the manipulatives a math teacher has... cuisenair rods -
sorting, ordering, counting, number concepts, comparisons, fractions, ratio, proportion, place value, patterns, even and odd numbers.
1. New Orleans surrenders to Union Forces, 2. Dred Scott decision - U.S. Supreme Court rules that a slave is private property. 3. Vicksburg, Mississippi surrenders to Grant 4. South Carolina leaves Union
2., 4., 1., 3.
Which of the following is a state power that greatly influences the functioning of the federal government?
states determine how to draw Congressional districts after a censuseat
Decree of April 6, 1830 -
It threatened the prosperity of the Texas colonies.
Which of the following is a way for a bill to become a law without the president's signature?
The president does not sign the bill for 10 days...