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Family and Community

Terms in this set (73)

demographic trends affect the family
• Cohabitation - couples living together who are having a sexual relationship without being married; as cohabitation increases, ensuring STD reduction and family planning services becomes essential and is an important aspect of providing community health
• Increased age for marriage - mother's age at first birth has increased by 3.6 years between 1970 and 2006; later marriages can lead to older women becoming pregnant along with complications attributed to these pregnancies, such as infertility, STDs, and an increase in all obstetrical complications
• Increased number of interracial marriages - interracial marriages increased from less than 1% of marries couples in 1970 to more than 5% in 2000; race and ethnicity has implications for American women's fertility, educational attainment, and participation in government assistance programs
• Divorce - dissolution of cohabitation comes to the attention of the nurse mostly with respect to the 40% of children projected to live in parent-cohabitating families before they reach adulthood; the economic adverse effects women suffer as the dominant custodial parent are also experienced by the children; nurses need to ensure that health care services are available for these families
• Remarriage - more than 50% of divorced people remarry; for middle-aged families, this results in more blended families and issues of childcare; remarriages by adults more than 40 years of age may be more stable than first marriages