Merriam's 10 functions of music

10 terms by jenicah

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Emotional Expression (can convey feelings or ideas - for example in a horror movie the music will follow certain characteristics to intensify the "fear")


Communication (music has specific rules like language that follow things like syntax. in our theory class when constructing phrases we referred to them as questions and answers)


Symbolic Representation


Enforcing Conformity to Social Norms


Validation of Social Institutions and Religious Rituals (many cultures of institutions have a song that embodies part of their individaul culture -fight song)


Contributes to the continuity and stability of culture


contribution to the integration of society


aesthetic enjoyment




physical response (listening to fast-paced, upbeat music helps runners to run at a quicker pace)

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