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lesson 1 self assesment (ch, sec, pg, Q#)
Terms in this set (23)
18.104.22.168. What are the three basic powers exercised by government?
Legislative- Power to make laws and public policies, executive power - power to execute enforce and administer laws, judicial power - power to interpret laws and settle disputes
1.1.26. 2. (a) What four characteristics does every state possess?
(b) How does the force theory account for those four characteristics? (c) Which of those theories best explains the rise of democratic states? Why?
a) population, territory, sovereignty, government
b)Force theory accounts for characteristics of every state because force theory is a person or group who have claimed control over an area and forced it within to submit to their rule.
c)The social contract theory because people give up some of their power and exchange for protection from the government
22.214.171.124. (a) What are the six purposes of government established by the Constitution? (b) Cite three ways in which the Federal Government promotes the general welfare that are not listed in the text.
Form a more perfect union, establish justice, ensure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, secure liberty
126.96.36.199. (a) Explain the fundamental ideas of democracy. 1/2
a) 1. Worth of the Individual: Democracy serves many of the different and distinct individuals that reside in the governed land.
2. Equality of All Persons: In democracy all are equal meaning that it does not matter what race, gender, color, religion, etc., an individual is. Each individual is entitled to equal opportunity and equality before law.
3. Majority Rule, Minority Rights: In democracy the will of the people is determined by popular vote meaning majority rules, but it does not mean the majority is correct. Sometimes the minority is correct thus allowing for democracy is a trial and error process.
4. Necessity of Compromise: A process in which democracy achieves majority or public agreement rather than completely terminating an idea or thought.
5. Individual Freedom: All individual are given individual freedom as long as it does not interfere or harm the others, majority will.
188.8.131.52. (b) How is a republic different from a democracy? (c) Why do some people hold that the United States is more properly called a republic rather than a democracy?
b)Citizens are required to participate in a republic.
Citizens have no political role in a democracy.
In republics, citizens have less direct control over government.
Senators are elected for life in a democracy.
c) In a Democracy there is no need for a Constitution, since the majority can simply change Law at a whim. In a Republic, there is a Law above the government, and in the U.S. there is a written Constitution. Also, the American Pledge of Allegiance declares it to be a republic: "...and to the republic for which it stands, one nation..."
184.108.40.206. (a) How is power distributed in a presidential govern- ment? (b) How is power distributed in a parliamentary government? (c) Which system seems to give the most power to the legislative branch?
a)The chief excutive (president) is chosen independently of the legislature, holds office for a fixed term, and has broad powers not subject to the direct control of the legislative branch. The two branches have powers that allow them to block actions by the other branch.
c) The chief excutive (president) is chosen independently of the legislature, holds office for a fixed term, and has broad powers not subject to the direct control of the legislative branch. The two branches have powers that allow them to block actions by the other branch.
220.127.116.11. (a) When looking at majority rule versus minority rights, why would some people argue that the United States is not a true democracy? (b) How are the rights of the individual protected in a true democracy? (c) How are they protected in the United States?
a)The power is actually in the states, not the people. That's why we don't elect presidents on the popular vote, we elect using the electoral college
b) In true democracy, the Individual, and any group of Individuals composing any Minority, have no protection against the unlimited power of The Majority. It is a case of Majority-over-Man.
c)The rights of the people in a republic are protected by a constitution.
1.3.26. 9. (a) How might the application of purely democratic ideas to a functioning government cause a problem for a large federal state? (b) How might it cause a problem for minority groups within that state?
a) A purely democratic system would mean everyone gets a vote and the majority rules.
b) This means that minority groups could easily be outvoted and their rights and interests may not be protected.
18.104.22.168. (a) Name and explain the three concepts of government that the English brought with them to the colonies. (b) How did the three concepts of to ideas shape the creation of the 13 colonies?
- Local governments should be divided into units and
ruled by officers according to law.
• Limited government
- Individual citizens have basic rights
- There are limits on government power
• Representative government
- Government should serve the will of the people. In other words, people should have a say in what the government does or does not do.
22.214.171.124. Describe the limitations on the monarchy imposed by these documents: (a) the Magna Carta, (b) the Petition of Right, (c) the English Bill of Rights.
a)Magna Carta: Limited power of the government, Fundamental rights: Trial by Jury, Due Process of the law
b)English Petition of Rights: Early document supporting idea that men have rights and establishing concept of rule of law
Included basic rights: Guarantee of trial by jury, Protection against marshal law, Protection against quartering of troops, Protection of private property
c)English Bill of Rights: Limited power of the monarch, No standing army in peacetime, Free elections, Right of petition, Parliamentary checks on power
126.96.36.199. (a) Explain the responsibilities of Congress under the Articles of Confederation. (b) Which of these responsibilities were taken over by the States? (c) Why did this cause a problem?
a)The Articles of Confederation created a national government composed of a Congress, which had the power to declare war, appoint military officers, sign treaties, make alliances, appoint foreign ambassadors, and manage relations with Indians.
188.8.131.52. (a) Why did the Framers consider it necessary to replace the Articles of Confederation? (b) What obstacles did they face in creating a strong central government?
Fear of uprisings like Shays' Rebellion were a motivation for creating a strong central government, especially the creation of a standing federal army.
they were too weak to bind the States together. The main problem was economic instability. the Great Compromise was one of the obstacles they had to face while creating a strong central government
184.108.40.206. How did the Constitution improve upon the Articles of Confederation? Give examples from the text.
strengthened federal government
220.127.116.11. (a) Why was a bill of rights not included in the original Constitution? (b) Why might the Anti-Federalists have wanted a bill of rights in the document?
Federalists argued that the Constitution did not need a bill of rights, because the people and the states kept any powers not given to the federal government. Anti-Federalists held that a bill of rights was necessary to safeguard individual liberty.
18.104.22.168. (a) What checks exist between the legislative and execu- tive branches? (b) How do these checks represent the intentions of the Framers?
a) Executive Branch carries out the law, the Legislative Branch makes the law, and the Judicial Branch interprets the law.
b) These checks represent the intentions of the Framers because it has prevented an unjust combination of the majority.
22.214.171.124. Reread the excerpt from the Massachusetts Constitution in Section 1. (a) What restrictions does it put on the three branches of the State government? (b) What is meant by "a government of laws and not of men"?
126.96.36.199. (a) Why were the Framers so careful to limit the pow- ers of the Federal Government? (b) Which branch of the Federal Government seems to have the least amount of checks against its power? (c) How might the power of this branch be further limited?
a) It was impossible for the framers to form a government with too much power, as the people were fearful of another King, and would never support that government.
b)Congress is the only part of the government that can make new laws or change existing laws and holds the sole power to declare war. They may also override a presidential veto by a 2/3 vote in both the Senate and the House of Representatives.
188.8.131.52. Analyze Political Cartoons (a) Which checks on govern- ment does this cartoon suggest? (b) How does it reflect "a government of laws and not of men"?
184.108.40.206. (a) Define federalism. (b) How are powers divided among the States and the National Government? (c) Why are certain powers left to the States rather than given to the National Government?
a) Making the government strong by increasing trade regulation, army size, navy size and give their people of a nation very little power of way in government matters.
b) If the power is not specifically defined in the constitution then the power is given to the state
220.127.116.11. Give an example of an expressed power that the Constitu- tion gives to (a) the President; (b) Congress; (c) the courts. (d) Under what Constitutional principle do these powers fall?
a)- Commander in chief of the armed forces
- the ability to grant pardon for federal offenses
b)- Declaration of war
- Ratify treaties
18.104.22.168. (a) What is the Elastic Clause? (b) What powers does this clause give to Congress? (c) Do you think that the Elastic Clause is broad enough to cover some of the powers that Congress has assumed? Why or why not? Cite specific examples.
elastic clause This clause in the Constitution grants Congress the right to pass all laws "necessary and proper" to carry out the powers specifically granted to Congress by the Constitution. This clause was the source of Hamilton's implied powers doctrine and has been used by "loose constructionists" to increase the powers of the national government.
22.214.171.124. (a) Until 1987, a governor could challenge an extradition order. Under what circumstances was this allowed? (b) According to Puerto Rico v. Branstad, who can order an unwilling governor to extradite a fugitive? (c) Do you think this infringes on States' rights? Why or why not?
b) Branstad an unanimous court held that the federal courts can indeed order an unwilling governor to extradite a fugitive.
c) no, once the fugitive crosses state lines it becomes a federal case which means the federal govt has jurisdiction which makes it not states' rights
126.96.36.199. (a) Under the Privileges and Immunities Clause, what reasonable distinctions can a State make between its own residents and those of other States? (b) What distinction may a State not draw?
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