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Nutrition Final (exam1 ch1-3)

What is the chief reason people choose the foods they eat?
a. Cost
b. Taste
c. Convenience
d. Nutritional value
All of the following are results of making poor food choices except:
a. over the long term, they will reduce lifespan in some people.
b. they can promote heart disease and cancer over the long term.
c. over the long term, they will not affect lifespan in some people.
d. when made over just a single day, they exert great harm to your health.
A child who developed a strong dislike of noodle soup after consuming some when she was sick with flu is an example of a food-related:
a. habit.
b. social interaction.
c. emotional turmoil.
d. negative association.
A parent who offers a child a favorite snack as a reward for good behavior is displaying a food behavior known as:
a. social interaction.
b. reverse psychology.
c. positive association.
d. habitual reinforcement.
A person who eats a bowl of oatmeal for breakfast every day would be displaying a food choice most likely based on:
a. habit.
b. availability.
c. body image.
d. environmental concerns.
Which of the following represents a food choice based on negative association?
a. A tourist from China who rejects a hamburger due to unfamiliarity
b. A child who spits out his mashed potatoes because they taste too salty
c. A teenager who grudgingly accepts an offer for an ice cream cone to avoid offending a close friend
d. An elderly gentleman who refuses a peanut butter and jelly sandwich because he deems it a child's food
The motive for a person who alters his diet due to religious convictions is most likely his:
a. values.
b. body image.
c. ethnic heritage.
d. functional association.
A person viewing an exciting sports match of her favorite team and eating because of nervousness would be displaying a food choice behavior most likely based on:
a. habit.
b. availability.
c. emotional comfort.
d. positive association.
Excluding fast-food establishments, approximately what percentage of restaurants in the United States show an ethnic emphasis?
a. 15
b. 30
c. 45
d. 60
What is the term that defines foods that contain nonnutrient substances whose known action in the body is to promote well-being to a greater extent than that contributed by the food's nutrients?
a. Fortified foods
b. Enriched foods
c. Functional foods
d. Health enhancing foods