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historical materialist determinism
we do not have free will, we are pawns in history's dialectal struggle
individuality is subordinate to organic whole. if individuals get in way of history's predetermined path, they must be sacrificed
ppl identify with their economic class
5 epochs: primitive communal, feudal, slave, capitalist, communist
2 classes -- bourgeoisie and proletariat
pivotal role of capitalism
capitalism creates wage-slaves, squashes creativity, creates an internal antagonism
worker creates value for capitalist, theory of value condemns capitalists for exploiting workers
workers are alienated from the fruit of labor, perform repetitive movements in fragmented work
more and more people become proletariat, oppressed by tyranny of capitalism
workers of the world will unite, violence will be necessary
temporary dictatorship of proletariat before workers redistribute the property of the capitalists
cause of crime and greed abolished, everyone will be equal. utopia.
religion is illusory, created by men and women. abolition of religion is necessary for real happiness.
criticism of heaven
criticism of earth
criticism of theology
c of politics
criticism of religion
c of law
will replace religion
a call to look inward, to develop one's own personal philosophy of life, to get one's priorities right
existence precedes essence
there is no objective truth, value of life is in the process of searching for truth
absurdity of existence
certainty of death heightens the fact that existence is an objectively meaningless event
we are free to create ourselves and our essence. we can do anything we wish, as long as we universalize it.
ethics of resentment
the herd subscribes to the will to power, though they deny it because they perceive it to be morally wrong
the idea that all humans are of equal worth
created based on the will to power; intelligence, excellence, courage, and self affirmation will dominate
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