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historical materialist determinism

we do not have free will, we are pawns in history's dialectal struggle


individuality is subordinate to organic whole. if individuals get in way of history's predetermined path, they must be sacrificed

class struggle

ppl identify with their economic class

class struggle

5 epochs: primitive communal, feudal, slave, capitalist, communist

class struggle

2 classes -- bourgeoisie and proletariat

pivotal role of capitalism

capitalism creates wage-slaves, squashes creativity, creates an internal antagonism

value theory

worker creates value for capitalist, theory of value condemns capitalists for exploiting workers


workers are alienated from the fruit of labor, perform repetitive movements in fragmented work


more and more people become proletariat, oppressed by tyranny of capitalism


workers of the world will unite, violence will be necessary


temporary dictatorship of proletariat before workers redistribute the property of the capitalists


cause of crime and greed abolished, everyone will be equal. utopia.


religion is illusory, created by men and women. abolition of religion is necessary for real happiness.

criticism of heaven

criticism of earth

criticism of theology

c of politics

criticism of religion

c of law

universal camaraderie

will replace religion


a call to look inward, to develop one's own personal philosophy of life, to get one's priorities right

existence precedes essence

there is no objective truth, value of life is in the process of searching for truth

absurdity of existence

certainty of death heightens the fact that existence is an objectively meaningless event


we are free to create ourselves and our essence. we can do anything we wish, as long as we universalize it.

ethics of resentment

the herd subscribes to the will to power, though they deny it because they perceive it to be morally wrong

slave morality

the idea that all humans are of equal worth

Superman moralty

created based on the will to power; intelligence, excellence, courage, and self affirmation will dominate

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