Stone age (1)
Digging up the past
Terms in this set (59)
before written language
many theories because of the lack of information
got information from fossils, artifacts, mummies, cave drawings
something that is believed to be true but not proven
anything that can be proven
time with written language
with more information there are more facts
people get information from internet, library/books, magazine, television, sound recordings, photographs, excavation sites
old stone age
lived in family groups
made cave drawing
new stone age
traded with other people/ barter
were farmers - began farming
had a stable food supply
lived in family groups
permanent homes and living in villages
new techniques in stone
polished rock tools
sequence of events
Beringia Forms - migration to north america - people leave artifacts in north america - ice age ends
elements of culture
religion / recreation
near clovis, new mexico; artifacts found were 11,000 years old
continent where artifacts found were 3,500,000 yrs old; thought humans lived first; lucy fossil
continent where artifacts found were 67,000 yrs old
how was the human migration theory disproved
the human migration theory initially was thought the first americans were the clovis of 11,000 yrs ago but at monte verde the artifacts were found to be 12,500 yrs ago
how was the human migration theory reproved
in 1990 an archaeologist returned to topper site and dug deeper, they found tools below the clovis artifacts dating to 18,000 yrs old
africa to europe & asia cross the beringia land bridge towards north america and to south america.
what would cause groups of people living in different regions to develop differently
how do archaeologist draw conclusions about an ancient civilization
estimate the age of artifacts
analyze the artifacts and fossils
piece the artifacts to paint a picture of what happened
what is prehistory?
period of time before the written language
what is history?
period of time with written language
what is a fact?
any statement that can be proven
what is a thoery?
something that is believed to be true but can not be proven
what does paleolithic mean?
nomads, hunters, gatherers, OLD STONE AGE, small groups
what does neolithic mean?
farming, domesticating animals, permanent settlement homes, religions,
what is an artifact?
an object made or used by humans
what kind of scientist searches and studies for artifacts?
where was the oldest fossil found?
what is the ice age?
a period of time where the climate of the earth was cold and covered in glaciers in the northern and southern hemisphere
how did the ice age occur?
tilt, wobble & whirl
what was the life style of nomads?
did not have a perment home
followed animals for food
they gathered/hunted for food
how did farming and agriculture help bring about social division?
people had more time to create new technology
what are the elements of culture?
government, religion, education, arts, transportation,
language, occupation, customs, kinship
there are ____ continents?
there are ____ oceans?
there are ____ hemisphere?
how do people learn about how old fossils are?
by using a technique called carbon dating
how were people of the OLD STONE AGE able to survive?
by hunting and gathering
a place in South Carolina where archaeologists found artifacts that were up to 18,000 years old; reproved land bridge theory
A site near Chille, South America where archeoligist discovered artifacts of hunter-gathers dating to 12,500 years ago; disproved land bridge theory
the study of past cultures through the things that remain such as buildings, tools or pottery, artifacts
a scientist who uncovers evidence or proof from the past by studying artifacts
An object made or used by people in the past, long ago
To move from one place to another
A huge sheet of ice
A period of time when glaciers covered great stretches of land. fact. Theory of cause: meteorite struck earth the debris, ash & dirt blocked the sun; earth had a tilt, wabble & whirl on its axis; volcanos errupted at same time, smoke & ash blocked sun and cooled the climate
the way which humans produce the items they use; items created by humans to make their lives easier
To tame; the ability to tame animals and use plants for human benefit; marked the beginning of the new stone age; remains found near villages, researching cave paintings and bones prove it existed
to gather plants when they are ripe; gather crops
place where archaeologists dig up artifacts
Growing / raising of plants and raising animals for human use.
Extra of something; extra food helped in creation of jobs / social divisions in villages
A person who moves from place to place in search of food without a permanent home
a group that does a certain type of work
Average weather conditions of a particular area over a long period of time.
A method of estimating the age of something after it has died; tell how old a fossil is; determine age of the iceman, he lived 5,300 yrs ago
a period of time when humans relied primarily on stone tools and weapons (rough edges); two periods; benefit by giving stable food supply
the way in which individuals and groups react with their environment, including their technology, custom beliefs and art
the study of how people have developed and lived and developed in cultural groups
a natural feature of earths surface such as valley, plain, hill or mountain.
the study of the relationship between physical features, climate and people