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55 terms

Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment

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Geocentric
-Earth at the centre
Heliocentric
-The sun at the centre
Ether
-Unchanging substance too pure to exist on earth
Aristotle
-Earth, water, wind, fire
Copernicus
-Proposed the idea of the sun being at the centre of the universe
On the Revolution of Heavenly Spheres
-Copernicus' book
Galileo
-Taught mathematics at the University of Padua
Galileo
-First used the scientific method
Netherlands
-This is where the first telescope was created
Galileo
-Was condemned to remain in prison in his own house
Kepler
-Discovered the laws of planetary motion
Tycho Brahe
-Danish astronomer
Brahe
-Built Uraniborg
-one of the first observatories
Uraniborg
-means castle of the skies
Isaac Newton
-English scientist and mathematician
Newton
-Gravity and Inertia
Principia
-Newton's book
Andreas Vesalius
-Studied the human anatomy
-Dissected the human body
William Harvey
-English doctor
-Explained how the circulation of the blood and the workings of the heart
Anton van Leeuwenheok
-created fine glass lenses
-discovered the one celled organism
Carolus Linnaeus
-Plants and animals
-System for naming and classifying
Francis Bacon
-English statesman
-Novum Organum
Rene Descartes
-Discourse on Method
-science and philosophy in terms of mathematics
Thomas Hobbes
-Science of politics
Thomas Hobbes
-wrote Leviathan
Leviathan
-This book compares a state to a whale
John Locke
-Most influential ideas on government
John Locke
-Wrote the Two Treatises of Government
Atheist
-someone who does not believe in religion and God
Deist
-believes in God but not the clergy
Censorship
-the stopping of publication of works considered a threat to accepted teachings
Parliament
-This is why Philosophes envied the government of England
Philosophes
-Social critics and philosophers of the scientific enlightenment/ revolution
Voltaire
-Francois Marie Arouet
Voltaire
-attacked or made fun of intolerance and superstition
Voltaire
-wrote Candide
Baron de Montesquieu
-principle of separation of powers
-legislature, judicial, and executive branches of government
Encyclopedia
-book of information on many topics
-focuses more on science and technology
Encyclopedia
-Classified Directory of the Sciences, Arts, and Skills
Denis Diderot
-Main editor of the Encyclopedia
Jean d'Alemebert
- Edited the scientific articles in the Encyclopedia
Cesare Beccaria
-Of Crimes and Punishment
Cesare Beccaria
-Italian economist and low prof.
-condemned severe punishments
John Howard
-English reformer
-State of the Prisons in England and Wales (called attention to the mistreatment of prisoners)
Jean Jacques Rousseau
-"arts and sciences are part of the reason people are being corrupted"
Rousseau
-natural man
-noble savage
Rousseau
-Emile
-children should learn only when they want to
Enlightened despots
-Catherine the Great
-Joseph II
-Frederick II
Emilie du Chatelet
-Noblewoman
-Mathematician and physicist
-Translated Newton's works into French
Johann Sebastian Bach
-One of the most famous composers of the Baroque period
Classical Period
-simple and elegant styles adapted form the Greek and Romans
Joseph Addison and Richard Steele
-Published magazines based on english philosophers
Racine and Moliere
-Wrote classical dramas
Franz Joseph Haydn
-Symphony and sonata
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
-Died at the age of 35
-Don Giovanni
-Marriage of Figaro