Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment

55 terms by blanconikki

Create a new folder

Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Create a free Quizlet account to save it and study later.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads


-Earth at the centre


-The sun at the centre


-Unchanging substance too pure to exist on earth


-Earth, water, wind, fire


-Proposed the idea of the sun being at the centre of the universe

On the Revolution of Heavenly Spheres

-Copernicus' book


-Taught mathematics at the University of Padua


-First used the scientific method


-This is where the first telescope was created


-Was condemned to remain in prison in his own house


-Discovered the laws of planetary motion

Tycho Brahe

-Danish astronomer


-Built Uraniborg
-one of the first observatories


-means castle of the skies

Isaac Newton

-English scientist and mathematician


-Gravity and Inertia


-Newton's book

Andreas Vesalius

-Studied the human anatomy
-Dissected the human body

William Harvey

-English doctor
-Explained how the circulation of the blood and the workings of the heart

Anton van Leeuwenheok

-created fine glass lenses
-discovered the one celled organism

Carolus Linnaeus

-Plants and animals
-System for naming and classifying

Francis Bacon

-English statesman
-Novum Organum

Rene Descartes

-Discourse on Method
-science and philosophy in terms of mathematics

Thomas Hobbes

-Science of politics

Thomas Hobbes

-wrote Leviathan


-This book compares a state to a whale

John Locke

-Most influential ideas on government

John Locke

-Wrote the Two Treatises of Government


-someone who does not believe in religion and God


-believes in God but not the clergy


-the stopping of publication of works considered a threat to accepted teachings


-This is why Philosophes envied the government of England


-Social critics and philosophers of the scientific enlightenment/ revolution


-Francois Marie Arouet


-attacked or made fun of intolerance and superstition


-wrote Candide

Baron de Montesquieu

-principle of separation of powers
-legislature, judicial, and executive branches of government


-book of information on many topics
-focuses more on science and technology


-Classified Directory of the Sciences, Arts, and Skills

Denis Diderot

-Main editor of the Encyclopedia

Jean d'Alemebert

- Edited the scientific articles in the Encyclopedia

Cesare Beccaria

-Of Crimes and Punishment

Cesare Beccaria

-Italian economist and low prof.
-condemned severe punishments

John Howard

-English reformer
-State of the Prisons in England and Wales (called attention to the mistreatment of prisoners)

Jean Jacques Rousseau

-"arts and sciences are part of the reason people are being corrupted"


-natural man
-noble savage


-children should learn only when they want to

Enlightened despots

-Catherine the Great
-Joseph II
-Frederick II

Emilie du Chatelet

-Mathematician and physicist
-Translated Newton's works into French

Johann Sebastian Bach

-One of the most famous composers of the Baroque period

Classical Period

-simple and elegant styles adapted form the Greek and Romans

Joseph Addison and Richard Steele

-Published magazines based on english philosophers

Racine and Moliere

-Wrote classical dramas

Franz Joseph Haydn

-Symphony and sonata

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

-Died at the age of 35
-Don Giovanni
-Marriage of Figaro

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set