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Human Monocytic Ehrlichiosis

white-tailed deer

Human Granulocytic Anaplasmosis

Rodents (Peromyscus spp. - white-footed mouse, cotton mouse & Neotoma spp. - woodrats)

Urban Plague

black rat (Rattus rattus) & norway rat (Rattus norvegicus)

Epidemic Louse-Borne Typhus

humans, body lice (Pediculus humanus), and in N. America flying squirrels


part of the normal fungal flora of the human mouth and GI tract

Inhalational fungal diseases

building air ducts & around vents, dirt, potting soil, building supplies, etc.

Histoplasma Capsulatum

bird and bat guano

Coccidioidomycosis (Valley Fever)

soil in dry areas, and in air-bornue dust


present in oropharyngeal regions of asymptomatic persons




humans & female Anopheles


mammals. for visceral leishmaniasis = dogs, cutaneous leishmaniasis = rodents. In the US = woodrats

Sleeping sickness / Human African Trypanosomiasis

T. rhodesiense = wild mammals & T. gambiense = humans

Chagas Disease / American Trypanosomiasis

humans and domestic & wild animals


1st intermediate host = krill, 2nd intermediate host = fish and squid, definitive hosts = larger fish, dolphins or humans

Baylisascariasis (Raccoon Roundworm)

definitive host = raccoons


definitive host = humans

Lymphatic Filariasis (Elephantiasis)


Onchocerciasis (River Blindness)

rivers and streams

Schistoosomiasis (Biharzia)


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