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20 terms

Reservoir Hosts

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Human Monocytic Ehrlichiosis
white-tailed deer
Human Granulocytic Anaplasmosis
Rodents (Peromyscus spp. - white-footed mouse, cotton mouse & Neotoma spp. - woodrats)
Urban Plague
black rat (Rattus rattus) & norway rat (Rattus norvegicus)
Epidemic Louse-Borne Typhus
humans, body lice (Pediculus humanus), and in N. America flying squirrels
Candidiasis
part of the normal fungal flora of the human mouth and GI tract
Inhalational fungal diseases
building air ducts & around vents, dirt, potting soil, building supplies, etc.
Histoplasma Capsulatum
bird and bat guano
Coccidioidomycosis (Valley Fever)
soil in dry areas, and in air-bornue dust
PCP
present in oropharyngeal regions of asymptomatic persons
Cryptosporidiosis
water
Malaria
humans & female Anopheles
Leishmaniasis
mammals. for visceral leishmaniasis = dogs, cutaneous leishmaniasis = rodents. In the US = woodrats
Sleeping sickness / Human African Trypanosomiasis
T. rhodesiense = wild mammals & T. gambiense = humans
Chagas Disease / American Trypanosomiasis
humans and domestic & wild animals
Aniskiasis
1st intermediate host = krill, 2nd intermediate host = fish and squid, definitive hosts = larger fish, dolphins or humans
Baylisascariasis (Raccoon Roundworm)
definitive host = raccoons
Taeniasis
definitive host = humans
Lymphatic Filariasis (Elephantiasis)
humans
Onchocerciasis (River Blindness)
rivers and streams
Schistoosomiasis (Biharzia)
water