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15 terms

GHMS-Heat Transfer Ch 6, Sec 1&2

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temperature
a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in an object
Fahrenheit Scale
a temperature scale that defines the freezing point of water as 32 degrees and the boiling point of water a 212 degrees
Celsius Scale
a temperature scale that defines the freezing point of water as 0 degrees and the boiling point of water as 100 degrees
Kelvin Scale
the temperature scale on which zero is the temperature at which no more energy can be removed from matter
absolute zero
the temperature at which no more energy can be removed from matter
heat
thermal energy that is transferred from matter at a higher temperature to matter at a lower temperature
States of Matter
The three states that most matter exists in on Earth are solids, liquids, and gases.
conduction
The transfer of heat from one particle of matter to another
convection
the transfer of heatby the movement of currents within a fluid (liquid or gas)
convection current
a current caused by the rising of heated fluid and sinking of cooled fluid
radiation
the transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves
conductor
A material that conducts heat well
insulator
a material that does not conduct heat well
melting point
The temperature at which a solid changes to a liquid
joule
The SI unit of heat