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Affective component of ones attitude toward sex characterized by demonstration of prejudice toward ppl on their sex
Conflict between expectations of two or more roles that are assumed simultaneously
Condition of possessing the biological traits of one sex and exhibiting the psychological traits that correspond with that sex
Ways in which participants of an experiment can influence the outcomes of a study
Ways in which the experimenter can intentionally or unintentionally influence the results of a study
Situations in which men and women find themselves and the people with whom they interact
Socially Desirability Response Bias
A demand characteristic; ways in which participants behave in experiments to give socially desirable answers
Personality orientation characterized by a focus on the self to the exclusion of others
Personality orientation characterized by a focus on others to the exclusion of the self
Egalitarian Gender Ideology
Power is distributed equally between men and women and that men and women identify equally with them same spheres
Transitional Gender Ideology
Acceptable for women and men to identify with the same spheres, but should devote proportionally more time to matters at home and men should devote more time at work
Positive feelings toward women coupled with the notion that women are less competent than men and are in need of a mans help
Features that individuals assigns to men and women in their society; features are not assigned due to one's biological sex, but due to the social roles men and women hold
Confirmatory Hypothesis Testing
Process of noticing information that confirms stereotypes and disregarding information that disconfirms stereotypes
Ability to experience the same emotion as another person or feel sympathy or compassion for another person
Variable that alters the relation between the independent variable and the dependent variable
Process by which a perceivers expectation actually alters the targets behavior so the target comes to confirm the perceivers expectancy
Someone who does not use the gender category as guiding principle on behavior or as a way of processing information about the world
Someone who uses the gender category as guiding principle in behavior and as a way of processing information about the world.
Categorization of the self as male or female and the realization that is category cannot be changed
Social Cognitive Theory
States that cognitive development is one factor in gender-role acquisition, but there are social influences as well
Expectancy/Value Model of Achievement
Theory that achievement-related choices are a function of out expectancy for success and our value of the area
Sense of self based on independence, individuation, and separation from others
The tendency to assign internal attribution for success and external attribution for failure.
Positive Social Behavior
Social behaviors engaged in during group interaction that are intended to maintain group harmony
Social behavior, such as asking questions and offering suggestions, that is directed toward achieving a specific goal
Negative Social Behavior
Behavior during group interaction that could harm a relationship, such as disagreement and provoking conflict.
Emotional Bond Challenge
Challenge faces by cross-sex friendship whereby the friends must decide if the closeness they feel toward one another is friendship or romantic love
Challenge faced by cross-sex friendships because the equality central to friendship conflicts with the status hierarchy typically associated with male/female relationships
Difficulty experienced when attempting to establish a cross-sex friendship that results from the fact that members of the same sex are generally more accessible.
Challenge faces by cross-sex friendship whereby the friends must ask themselves if there is a sexual attraction between them that could lead to a romantic relationship
Interaction episode characterized by one person demanding and the other person not responding or withdrawing
State of a relationship in which the ration of what puts in and gets out of a relationship equals that of the partner
Situation in which one person's emotions influence another's persons emotions
Social Exchange Theory
Theory that relationship satisfaction is partially a function of the rewards and costs in the relationship
Social Role Theory
Theory that states men's and women's behavior is a function of the roles that they hold in society.
Condition of labeling a symptom as illness and responding to it as such; adopting the sick role
Nurturant Role Hypothesis
Supposition that women's roles require them to attend to the needs of others which results in fatigue, exposure to illness, and not taking care of oneself when sick
Sick Role Hypothesis
Suggestion that sex difference in using medical care are due to women's greater tendency than men to adopt the "sick role"
Gender Tension Line
Point at which one feels uncomfortable with the adoption of some aspect of the other gender role
Situational Couple Violence
Occasional episodes of violent behavior o the part of husbands and wives that are precipitated by stressful events
Situation in which an individual is not offered a given job or is offered a lesser job because of some defining characteristic
Term referring to the ability for men to be promoted quickly when they take positions in traditionally female fields
Type of sexual harassment in which one person is creating a hostile, intimidating work environment for another
Increase in income granted to men who are married and/or have children compared to men who are single
Employers devaluation and limitation of job opportunities of female employees when they become parents
Quid Pro Quo
Type of sexual harassment in which one person offers work benefits or threatens work repercussions in exchange for sexual favors
Condition in which the demand of one role are at odds with the demands of another role
Role Scarcity Hypothesis
Idea that multiple roles will have negative effect on health because time and resources are limited and addition roles tap resources
Condition that arises when time limitations created difficulties in fulfilling obligations for ones roles
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