77 terms

Feudalism chapter 14

Social Studies terms
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feudalism
a political and social system of government that developed during the Middle Ages; nobles offered protection and land in return for service
feudalism pyramid
Top: Monarch, 2nd: nobles and the Church, 3rd: knights, Bottom: peasants and serfs
monarch
King or queen
lord
the landowner in the feudal system
peasants and serfs
laborers who were expected to work hard farming, provide services, pay taxes to their powerful noble, yet they had could not leave his lands without permission.
vassal
person granted land from a lord in return for services
fief
land granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for loyalty and service
noble
a member of a ruling family or one of high rank
knight
an armed, mounted soldier of the feudal period who gives military service to a lord
villein
a person who is bound to the land and owned by the feudal lord
guild
A medieval organization of crafts workers or trades people.
apprentice
works for an expert to learn a trade
Black Death
the epidemic form of bubonic plague experienced during the Middle Ages when it killed nearly half the people of western Europe
looting
to steal things, especially from shops or homes that have been damaged in a war or riot
homage
honor; tribute; great respect; Ex. pay/do homage to
Pope
the head of the Roman Catholic Church
monk
a man who has taken a solemn vow to devote his life to prayer and service in a monastery
bishop
a clergyman of noble rank, higher than a priest, in charge of the administration of a diocese.
priest
a clergyman in Christian churches who has the authority to perform or administer various religious rites
pilgrimage
a journey to a sacred place
Crusades
A series of military expeditions launched by Christian Europeans to win the Holy land back from Muslim control.
illuminations
colorful designs in books
hand-drawn by monks and nuns
manor
A large estate, often including farms and a village, ruled by a lord.
moat
a deep trench usually filled with water that surrounded a castle
fortress
a building with strong walls to defend against attack; a fort
catapult
A machine used in ancient wars that threw objects with great force
When was feudalism Developed?
It was Developed in the Early Middle ages 476 to 1000 B.C
Feudalism system?
In the Feudalism system people would pledge to their lords, warriors fought on behalf of the lord
Why Was Feudalism Invented?
Feudalism was invented because after the collapse of the Roman Empire life was dangerous, people to enough food to eat and had to be careful of the invading barbarians and the near by kingdoms.
What Is Feudalism?
The economic and political system of medieval Europe in which people exchanged loyalty and labor for the lords protection
Feif?
The land granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for loyalty and service
Ex. This land is a Fief
Serf?
A peasant that could not leave the lords land where he or she was born and worked
Ex. That man is a serf
Christianity?
The religion based on Jesus
Feudalism establishing order?
By the High middle ages Feudalism ha been developed, it provided protection and safety by establishing a social order. People were bound to each other by promise of loyalty.
Land Sharing?
Most of the land was owned by the church, but the king kept some for himself and gave Fiefs, to this important lords, that became his vassal
Social class
During the middle ages people were born into a social class for life, so if they were born as peasants even if they are very smart that can only have jobs a peasant could do. At the very top of the social class were monarchs, or Kings and Queens. Monarchs were also lords and were expected to to keep order and provide protection for their vassal.
Monarchs
In England monarchs became very strong during the Middle Ages.
Feudalism
In the high Middle Ages Feudalism brought stability to much of Europe, around 1000 B.C
The economic and political system that developed in Europe during the Middle Age in which people pledged loyalty to a lord in return for protection.
Monastery
a community of monks
Manor
A large estate, often including farms and a village, ruled by a lord.
Hierarchy
a system of organizing people into ranks
Guild
an organization of people who work in the same trade or craft
Knight
an armed warrior
Noble
a person of high rank by birth or by title
Monarch
a ruler, such as a king or queen
Moat
a deep, wide ditch, often filled with water
Chivalry
the medieval knight's code
Divine Right of Kings
the belief that God gives monarchs (kings) the right to rule
Responsibilities of Monarchs in feudal system
Protect his kingdom and people living on his land
Responsibilities of Lords in Feudal system
Provide soldiers to defend a monarch's land
Responsibilities of Knights in feudal systam
Fight for his lord
Responsibilities of peasants in feudal system
Provide food and all other items needed by everyone living in fiefdom.
barbarian
someone considered uncivilized
armor
protects body usually made with metal
Middle Ages
Europe between 400-1400
Charlemagne
Unified much of Europe as king from 768-814
serf
a peasant who is not free and cannot leave the manor
hierarchy
a system that organizes people into ranks, those with higher ranks have more power that those below
why did Feudalism begin in europe?
kings had little to no money for payment for protection
why did lords and knights give land to vassels?
for loyalty and protection
what is a gift of land called?
feif
who were the majority of people that made up the population of people in Europe?
serfs
who was in charge of the manor?
lords
what skills did the vikings have?
skillful sailing and fierce warriors
who were the vikings?
fierce warriors from Scandinavia
Europe
the second smallest continent on the Earth
Ural Mountians
mountians that separted europe and asia
north european plain
the northern part of the great european plain
volga river
longest river in europe
danube river
2nd largest river in europe
Rhine river
backbone of busiest inland system of waterways
England
largest part of the island britin
Scandinavia
a northern peninsula in europe
king john
King of England who raised taxes and punished his enemies without a trial. He is best known for being forced to sign the Magna Carta.
middle ages
500-1500
a period of time
domesday book
A record of all the people in europe
magna carta
(1215) a charter of liberties (freedoms) that King John "Lackland" of Englad was forced to sign; it made the king obey the same laws as the citizens of his kingdom

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