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13 terms

China Terms

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Ming Dynasty
the imperial dynasty of China from 1368 to 1644
Hongwu
First Ming emperor in 1368; originally of peasant lineage; original name Zhu Yuanzhang; drove out Mongol influence; restored position of scholar-gentry
Mongol Dynasty
the imperial dynasty of China from 1279 to 1368O
Confucius
Chinese philosopher (circa 551-478 BC)
Yonglo
The son of Hongwu and moved the Ming capital to Beijing. He built the imperial city, which became the Forbidden City. He was also a patron for oversea voyages and exploration.
Zheng He
An imperial eunuch and Muslim, entrusted by the Ming emperor Yongle with a series of state voyages that took his gigantic ships through the Indian Ocean, from Southeast Asia to Africa. (pp. 355, 422)Z
Tribute
something given or done as an expression of esteem
Matteo Ricci
An Italian Jesuit who by his knowledge of Astronomy and science was accepted as a missionary of China
Forbidden City
a walled section of Beijing that encloses the palace that was formerly the residence of the emperor of China
Manchus
Federation of Northeast Asian peoples who founded the Qing Empire. (p. 556)
Qing Dynasty
the last imperial dynasty of China (from 1644 to 1912) which was overthrown by revolutionaries
Kang Xi
the emperor to have the longest hold on the throne in China's history.
Qian Long
This Chinese emperor ruled the Qing Dynasty