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Chapter 20&25

McGrath 1302
STUDY
PLAY
E⁰ cell
cathode - anode
ΔG⁰
-nFE°
Ecell
0.02567/n × lnK
ΔG⁰ for the same element different electrons
ΔG°(1) - ΔG°(2)
Nearst equation
Ecell- (0.0592/n) log Q
current
charge/time
PV
nRT
Alpha particle
4 He
2
Beta particle
0 e
-1
Gamma (γ) Emission
0 γ
0
positron
0 e
⁺1
electron
0 e
-1
decay rate
λN
half life (t½)
0.693
t½ = -----
λ
- λt (integrated rate law)
ln (nt/n₀)
N₀= amount of isotope at 0
Nt= amount of isotope at t
radioactive decay law
Nt= N0e-λ
radioactive decay law solving for time
t = -ln{At/A0}/λ
mass defect
mass of proton +mass of neutrons − mass of isotope
reduction
electrons on the reactant side
oxidation
electron on the product side
E
mc²
K
− GΔ °/RT
e