-Behavior Modality: Exploring the world, play
-Psychosocial crisis: initiative vs. guilt
*If parents encourage fantasy and curiosity:
Promotes awareness of others, seeking answers, approaching style
*If parents inhibit child completing task, or excessive punishment:
Immobilization, worthlessness, afraid to try, avoiding style
-Ego strength: Purpose= Courage to envision and pursue valued goals, uninhibited by the defeat of infantile wishes, guilt, or fear of punishment.