47 terms

Religion Midterm Vocab (Matching)

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Disciple
A follower who adopts another person's way of life, taking on his particular type of discipline
actual grace
a supernatural help from God to do good and avoid evil
Freedom
The power to do God's will for a true good.
Life purpose
To know, love, and serve God in order to get to heaven
Virtue
AN habitual and firm disposition
Christianity
The religion of those who follow the life and teachings of Christ
Morality
The standards by which we judge our actions to be right or worng
Sanctifying grace
The share in God's divine life given through the Sacraments
Christian vocation
God's call to his people to follow his will
Materialism
Attatchment to good and wealth when it diminishes of the spiritual life
Magisterium
The teaching autority of the Church
Secularism
Well-being in the present life and no interest in life after death
Concupisense
Disordered human apitites or desires due to Original Sin
Immorality
A violation of moral law
Ensiclical
letter written by the pop to enfecise a church teaching.
Culpable
Standards that are not univeral, but are decided upon by the individuals involved
Evil
That which is ooposed to the moral law and thus entails sin
Freedom
The ability to choose God's will
Full Knowledge
Clear and deliberate knowledge of the merit of the sinfulness of an action
Indirect Responsibility
Accountability for the secondecondary effects of a free act
Moral Acts
Composed of object, intention, and circumstances
Responsibility
Accountability for one's acts before oneself and a superior authority
Invincible Ignorance
Ignorance that cannot be overcome by ordinary diligence
Vincible ignorance
Lack of knowledge for which a person is morally responsible due to lack of diligence
Subjective morality
Standards that are not universal but are decided upon by the individuals involved
Conscience
Reasons judgement of the morality of an action
Consequent Judgement
Moral judgement made after the act
Autonomous Morality
The belief that conscience is the only moral authority
Erroneous conscience
Judgment of the practical intellect that decides from false principles considered as true, that something is lawful which in fact is unlawful
(Just) Law
An ordinance of reason for the common good corresponding to divine law and promulgated by who has care of the community
Natural Law
The part of eternal law that applies to the rational creature
Eternal Law
Divine wisdom directing all acts and movements in the universe
Unjust Law
Human or civil laws that contadict divine law and should not be allowed
Ecclesiatical Law
The law that directs the life and worship of the Church
Consequentialism
An ethical system that determines the goodness or evilness from the effect or result of an act
Proportionalism
An ethical system that measures the moral goodness of an action as a function of its good and evil effects
Situatuon Ethics
Ethics that determines the good or evil nature of an act from the circumstances
Grave Matter
An object or circumstance having serious weight or importance; part of the consideration in moral decisions
Habitual Sin
A permanent state of culpability caused by the frequent commission of sins that become habit
Secualar humanism
...
Original Sin
The act of disobedience by Adam and Eve
Social Sin
The corporate effect of personal sins on the Mystical Body of Christ, the Church.
Moral Relativism
...
Venial Sin
An offense against the law and love of God that does not deprive the soul of sanctifying grace, but weakens a person's love for God and neighbor.
Sin
A transgression of the Divine Law and an offense against God involving the individual's knowledge and will.
Mortal Sin
Sin that involves a serious matter, sufficient reflection, and full consent of the will
Repentence
True sorrow for one's own sins and the firm resolution to avoid all sin in the future