Oklahoma History Chapter 4
Terms in this set (26)
Wichita and Affiliated Tribes
First People descended from Plains Village Farmers that lived near Anadarko in Caddo County that descended from the Plains Village Farmers that were Oklahomas oldest historical Community with records preserved in writing. They mainly farmed but also hunted
Caddoan Language Family
Wichitas, Arikaras, Pawnees, and Caddos
A cluster of Villages that considered themselves to be independent of the others with a common language, lifestyle, and tradition
Farming in Bottomlands, hunting buffalo, and trading with other tribes and the French
Living in a permanent settlement for only part of the year
Making something better fitted to survive in a certain Environment like the dome shaped houses made by the Wichita
Shelters made of brush made by the Wichita which allowed cool breezes to go through
Hand held stone used ground dried corn
Stone block used to ground dried corn
The Wichita cut their skin and filled the wounds with charcoal to make what?
Low land along a river or a stream
When family relationships are traced through woman, such as in the Wichita Society. Houses belonged to the oldest married woman with 10-12 family members
In tribes other than Wichita , a wide association of blood relatives that took the name of weather/ natural phenomenon.
Most important ceremony for the Wichitas in which people sought to purify themselves
Apache subgroup that used portable tepees
Favorite meeting place for the Lipans
Plains Apache group that stayed in Oklahoma and were good friends with the Kiowa. And were also good hunters.
A world renewal ceremony
Having the Power to Carry the Light
Spirit of the first man created on Earth
Wichita game given by Having the Power to Carry the Light in which players used sticks to move the ball to opposing goals
Often between other tribes in which small groups would raid other groups, kidnap their people, and eat them, beat them, tie them to a stake, and cut them. Usually fought for revenge not conquest.
New tribe that arrived in Oklahoma and competed with the Wichita that spoke athapascan and invaded the Southwest
Spoke Uto-Aztecan and lived in the Great Basin until they mysteriously left the land to their Shoshone cousins to become buffalo hunters. They raided Spanish Settlements and later became allies with the Wichita. Today, most descendants live in Lawton
Spoke Dhegiha and migrated from the Ohio River Valley to Missouri. Lived in permanent lodge houses. Had a war against the Wichita that was a century long over guns on which they drove off the Wichita
A Sioux language spoken by the Osages