Terms in this set (40)
What effect is Shakespeare creating by beginning the play with this scene?
Foreshadowing, sets up the mood, mystical, supernatural. very foreboding mood. on the battle field before hand. the witches set up the theme for battle. intended to be confusing
What do you suppose is suggest by the line, "fair is foul, and foul is fair"?
things that are beautiful, are ugly. opposite of how actual humans think. one of the primary themes-false appearances. shows that witches aren't human
What poetic device is used in this scene and to what effect?
alliteration and iambic tetrameter
What is the purpose of this early scene?
1-Exposition- character who gives background information. 2- 1st time other than witches speak of Macbeth. What others think of him. EX: brave, hero, warrior
What image do we have of Macbeth's bravery and ability as a warrior?
"Carved out his passage" cutting through the battle lines & cut Macdonwald in half
What is his relationship to King Duncan?
Whom had Macbeth and Banquo been fighting?
Mark, King of Scotland
What does King Duncan tell Ross to do?
Go announce Thane of Cawdor's death sentence
What does the audience learn about the Weird Sisters from their conversation at the beginning of the scene?
They're evil and vindictive
When Macbeth says, "So foul and fail a day I have not seen," to what is he referring? What could be the dramatic irony in this line?
he's about to see real foulness of the Weird Sisters
Describe the physical appearance of the Weird Sisters.
They have chapped hands, skinny lips, and beards. Intended to look inhuman
What prophecies do the Weird Sisters make regarding Macbeth? How does he react?
That he'll be a king at one point. confused because he doesn't think he'll be a king
What do the Weird Sisters see in the future for Banquo?
His sons will be kings, but not him
How do Macbeth and Banquo react to the experience after the Weird Sisters vanish?
They wish they would've stayed, but they were unsure if they actually saw them
What terms does Ross indicate accompany the title Thane of Cawdor?
"Earnest of a greater honor"
As the others talk, what does Macbeth's aside reveal about his thinking?
Macbeth's aside reveals conflict because he's loyal to Duncan, but wants to kill him for the crown. Frightened by his own thoughts
How does Banquo's comment support the "Fair is foul, foul is fair" theme?
"But 'tis strange, And often times, to win us to our harm, The instruments of darkness tell us truth's"
What does Macbeth mean in his aside about two truths being prologue to the act of the imperial theme?
He anticipates a mighty drama on the them of kingship. he's Glammis and Cawdor
What dramatic conventions does Shakespeare use to establish character and begin to lay out his tragedy?
1-Character Development through character speech: talking about Macbeth's surprised expression. 2-Aside: Macbeth talking about killing. 3-Character Action: switching the concentration from Macbeth to someone else. 4-Foil: Banquo is the foil to Macbeth
Why was the former Thane of Cawdor executed?
What effect does Shakespeare create by having Macbeth and Banquo enter just as they are discussing the execution of the former Thane of Cawdor?
Dramatic irony- Killing Duncan while Macbeth just got the title Thane of Cawdor for loyalty
What announcement does the King make to everyone present and what is Macbeth's reaction?
He isn't grateful for them killing Thane of Cawdor. Macbeth said he did it out of the best interest for the kingdom. He wasn't looking for payment.
In his last speech in this scene, what does Macbeth reveal?
He isn't going to comment or pay attention to the Prince of Cumberland
What is the dramatic purpose of the letter?
To let her know what her husband has been up to
What do we learn about Macbeth from Lady Macbeth's reaction to the letter?
She doesn't think he's worthy of the crown
What do we learn about Lady Macbeth from her reaction to the letter?
She's not a huge fan of her husband
Does Lady Macbeth fear Macbeth will not be king if he does not murder Duncan?
No, she is sure it's going to happen, but she wants to make it happen faster
How does the news about King Duncan's expected arrival affect her? What is she planning?
She starts to plan Duncan's death. She tells her husband to be strong. Perceives this as opportunity to kill someone.
Why does Lady Macbeth pray to be unsexed?
She doesn't ant to have any traditional women constructs that they are more sympathetic and merciful
What does Shakespeare establish in Macbeth and Lady Macbeth's first exchange when Macbeth arrives home?
They know each other so well that they immediately know what they're talking about. Death of Duncan
In what way does Lady Macbeth's advice to Macbeth relate to the "fair is foul" them?
She tells him to be welcoming like a flower, but treacherous like the snake beneath
What is the dramatic purpose of this brief scene? 1.6
Dramatic irony, Duncan comments on how nice Macbeth's castle is, but then he is going to be killed
How does this scene contribute to the "fair is foul" theme?
The castle appears welcoming, but Lady Macbeth is bringing him in to kill him
What arguments does Macbeth raise for not killing Duncan?
it would be morally wrong, they're kinsmen, ever lasting stain on his soul, he's brought him into his home, says he's a good guy and kills him
What does he finally conclude?
The only reason this is considered is because he's ambitious
What consequences does Macbeth fear if he commits the murder?
1- Destroy his soul, damned for killing Duncan 2- If he kills Duncan, he thinks someone will kill him
What does Lady Macbeth say in an attempt to goad her husband into the murder?
Will always use something that bothers him. Cowardice-Manliness
Macbeth's response to her about what a man may dare is frequently quoted. What is his meaning?
He's a warrior, but he kills. He says no man has done more than I have. Killing Duncan is cowardly
What is the point of Lady Macbeth's baby imagery? Notice the many images of babies and mothers presented in this play
Image of maternal love, but contracts it with her ripping the baby off her breast and throwing it to the ground
What exposition does Shakespeare give the audience in this scene?
She outlines to kill Duncan and plans to blame it on the guard