20 terms

Psychology Final

Psychology is best defined as the
science of behavior and mental processes.
Which of the following is not one of the goals of psychology? predict control develop explain
Dr. Vazquez helps people to make career choices by assisting them in identifying their
strengths and interests. Dr. Vazquez is most likely a
counseling psychologist.
The specialist most likely to have a medical degree is a
The various perspectives employed by psychologists
often complement one another.
The neuroscience perspective in psychology would be most likely to emphasize that
behavior is influenced by
blood chemistry
Professor Brody attempts to measure the relative contributions of inborn traits and social
influences on homosexual behavior. Her research efforts best illustrate the interests of
which perspective?
behavioral genetics
The distinctive feature of the psychodynamic perspective is its emphasis on
unconscious conflicts
Which perspective most clearly focuses on how we learn observable responses?
Which perspective would be most helpful for understanding the effect of spaced practice on
long-term memory of information
In which type of research is a representative, random sample of people asked to answer questions about
their behaviors or attitudes?
Professor Ober carefully observes and records the behaviors of children in their classrooms in order to track
the development of their social and intellectual skills. Professor Ober is most clearly engaged in
naturalistic observation
If the correlation between the physical weight and reading ability of children is +0.85, this would indicate that
better reading ability is associated with greater physical weight among children
Three key attitudes among scientific inquiry are
curiosity, skepticism, and humility.
Professor Ambra wanted to reduce experimental bias. Which process would best enable her to ensure that
neither she nor the participant were influencing the research results?
double blind study
The perception that seemingly infertile couples who adopt a child are subsequently more likely to conceive a
child themselves best illustrates
an illusory correlation.
To assess the impact of test difficulty on persistence of effort, researchers plan to give one group of children
relatively easy tests and another group more difficult tests. To reduce the chance that the children in one
group are more intelligent than those in the other group, the researchers should make use of
random assignment.
Which research method provides the best way of assessing whether cigarette smoking boosts mental
In an experimental study, men with erectile dysfunction received either Viagra or a placebo. In this study,
the drug dosage (none versus peak dose) was the
) independent variable.
To discover the extent to which economic status can be used to predict political preferences, researchers
are most likely to us
correlational measures.