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oceanography and climate
Terms in this set (34)
Parts of the ocean floor
Continental shelf, Continental slope, Continental rise
How is the ocean floor surveyed and mapped
Bathymetry, Echo sounder, multibeam sonar
uses array of sound sources and listening device provided detailed bathymetric data
transmitting a sound wave called a ping into the water in order to produce an echo when it bounces off any object.
What substance make up most of the ocean floor?
mudd and oozes
Ocean Salinity, what is it and how much is there in the ocean?
Sodium Chloride and 35 0/00
What causes Tides?
the gravitational pull of the moon and sun
How long does it take the moon to rotate around earth?
29 1/2 days
Different areas of the beach
Offshore, Nearshore, shoreline, shore, coast, berms
what are the layers of the atmosphere
Troposhpere, Statosphere, mesophere, thermoshphere
what is the tilt of the earth and what does it causes
23 1/2 degrees and it causes seasonal changes
What is the root of all weather?
In high and low pressure red means what?
low pressure- bad weather
In high and low pressure blue me what?
High pressure- good weather
air going up is what?
air going down is what?
counter clockwise the thumb goes....
clockwise the thumb goes......
what are the air masses
what are gases and their amount make up our atmosphere
oxygen 21 %, nitrogen 78%, Trace gas 1%
what is the difference between a hurrincan and tornado?
Hurrican starts over a warm ocean water waiting to be acivated by a storm front. Tornado start with warm moist air and cold air to collide with each other over land.
what are the 4 different Fronts?
cold front, warm front, occluded front, and low pressure center.
cold air advance in the warm air boundaries
warm air accupy the area where the cold air once was. (red)
take over the warm front wedging the warm air upward.
low pressure center
when it moves in a counterclockwise circular the air is going up indicating low pressure
The three basic clouds
cirrus: high level, wispy clouds.
cumulus: fluffy clouds.
stratus: low level blanket clouds
How do we measure and refer to moisture in the air?
percentage of relative humity
What are the stages and life cycle of the stars?
nebula, prostar, main sequence, red giant, super nova explosion, blackhole.
What are the layers of the Sun>
Solar interior- inte most part
photoshpere- the sunlight we see
chromosphere- the red coloring
corona- outer most layer
The Sun temperature
How old is the sun?
what is in our solor system?
plantes, asteroids, and comets that travel around the sun.
what is not in our solor system?
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