a birthweight less than 5.1 pounds; indicates probable poor health in the newborn and probable poor nutrition status of mother.
What is considered normal birthweight range?
Normal birthweight for a full-term baby is 6.2 lbs to 8.2 lbs
Define Small for Gestational Age
The baby's birthweight is not appropriate for normal babies at the same age.
An organ that developes inside the uterus early in pregnancy, in which maternal and fetal blood circulates in close proximity and exchange materials
Define umbilical cord
The ropelike structure through which the fetus's veins and arteries reach the placenta
Define critical period
A finite period during development in which certain events occur that will have irreversible effects on later developmental stages; usually a period of rapid cell division.
Recommended Carb intake during pregnancy:
about 50% of energy intake. In a 2,000kcal diet, 1,000 kcal should be carbs.
Pregnancy and Physical activity
*eat enough to support the energy needs of pregnancy and physical activity
*don't lay on your back after 4 months
*if you weren't super active before, don't become a super athlete
*excercise on a regular basis
Signs/symptoms of preclampsia
a condition characterized by hypertension, fluid retention, and protein in the urine.
Common actions to alleviate nausea in pregnancy
*On waking, arise slowly
*eat dry toast or crackers before getting out of bed
*Eat frequent, small meals
*when nauseated, avoid citrus juice, water, milk, coffee and tea.
Common actions to prevent or relieve heartburn
*eat frequent, small meals
*drink liquids between meals
*Wait an hour after eating before lying down
*wait 2 hours after eating before exercising
What are the 5 things tested in the Apagar score?
Heart rate, respiration, muscle tone, response to stimuli, and color
Define fetal alcohol syndrome
The cluster of symptoms seen in an infant or child whose mother consumed excessive alcohol during pregnancy.
What are the benefits of breast feeding?
*breast milk offers immunologic properties
*breast milk is bacteria free
*it contains the right amount of nutrients
*breast milk is sterile and always perfect quality
*breast milk is given on supply and demand
*breast milk is always the right temperature
How much weight should a healthy baby gain in the first 4 months of life?
The birthweight should double in 4 months.
How much weight should a healthy baby gain in the firsy year of life?
The birthweight should triple in the first year.
True or False: Formula fed babies have a steady gain of weight but tend to weigh more as adults.
True or false: Breast milk has low-energy density.
False. Breast milk is very energy dense. 55-60% of formula and breastmilk is fat.
When does colostrum appear?
Colostrum is present for the first day or so after delivery, before the milk appears.
What are the 3 different types of baby formula?
1. Liquid concentrate
2. Powdered formula