Federal Govt. Ch. 10 Post-test
Terms in this set (24)
"Free media" during an electoral campaign refers to
positive news and feature coverage initiated by the media themselves.
A nonprofit group that also engages in issue advocacy and is allowed to spend up to half of its revenue for political purposes is called
a 501c(4) committee.
Before the 1890s, voters on election day almost always had to
cast a straight-ticket vote.
Except on rare occasions, boundaries for congressional and state legislative districts in the United States are redrawn by the states every ____ years
In 2003, Californians voted out Governor Gray Davis. This election was unusual because
he lost in a rare recall effort.
In 2010 the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission that the government could not restrict independent expenditures by ______ to political campaigns.
corporations and unions
In most congressional elections, ____ outspend ____
In the case of Buckley v Valeo, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that
no limits can be placed on candidates' expenditure of their own funds, since such spending is considered free speech.
In the present day, what determines how a party convention's delegates will vote?
the results of the state party primary or caucus
Party activists who are elected to vote at a party's national convention are called
Political Action Committees (PACs) are organizations established
by corporations, labor unions, or interest groups to channel the contributions of their members into political campaigns.
Primary elections are held to select
a political party's presidential candidate for the general election.
Prospective voting occurs when voting is based on
the imagined future performance of a candidate.
State legislators routinely seek to influence electoral outcomes by manipulating the organization of electoral districts. This strategy is called
The 2010 Citizens United decision declared that advocacy groups can form Super PACs and run unlimited campaign ads for or against candidates, as long as
the organizations are independent of the candidate's campaign.
The Electoral College is
presidential electors from each state who cast ballots for president and vice president
The federal courts have established ____ as a critical factor in establishing the boundaries of legislative districts.
Under current federal rules, individuals may donate a maximum of ____ to any single candidate and up to _____ to a political action committee.
What is a closed primary?
an election in which voters can participate in the nomination of candidates, but only of the party in which they are enrolled for a period of time prior to the Election Day
When a congressional election is held that does not coincide with a presidential election, it is called a(n)
Which of the following factors have studies indicated likely matters least in generating long-term support for a presidential candidate?
national debate performance
Which of the following is true of public funding available to candidates as established by the Federal Election Campaign Act?
Candidates who accept matching funds may spend no more than $42 million in their presidential primary campaigns.
While Abraham Lincoln's 1860 presidential campaign spent $100,000, it also relied heavily on
Who is the incumbent?
the current officeholder, running for re-election
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